How does the installation work in Venice, Italy

Venice - is the whole city built on stilts?

Venice has many faces and many names: city on stilts, city of masks, city of bridges, floating city, city of canals. The streets of Venice are canals that are used by gondolas. Venice is still considered the most romantic city in Europe! But how was this Venice built & how did Venice come about? Do Venice's palaces and houses really only stand on stilts and stilts?

Venice (ital: Venezia) is at home in the water. One in the middle of a lagoon shallow inland sea was the city or the province more than 100 islands built. These islands are over 400 bridges connected with each other.

More than 150 canals serve as roads. The great canals are lined with imposing palaces and Magnificent buildingsstanding right in the lagoon. It is precisely this uniqueness that gives the city its charm. But how could this Venice - the city on stilts - be built?

content

Is all of Venice on stilts? What does Venice look like underwater?

For a long time most believed Venice stand on a gigantic Forest from tree trunks. Anyone for whom this idealized, romantic lagoon city fairy tale is enough, turns this small partial truth into a whole, and for them Venice stands on wooden stakes. A bit like in the fictional painting “Venice without water”.

The surrealist painter Fabrizio Clerici shows in his "Venezia senz’acqua" 1951 the underground of Venice, an imaginary city on stilts. How utopian oil platforms or robot from a Science fiction film This unsubstantial Venice stands here on a tall, gloomy labyrinth made of wooden stakes. Always ready to march on their long spider legs.

But anyone who spins the idea of ​​“Venice on stilts” a little further will probably quickly get a strange feeling when thinking that all the historic, imposing, heavy magnificent buildings and palaces are to be held exclusively by wooden stakes.

In fact it was not known for a long timehow exactly that Buildings, palaces and bridges on the islands of the lagoons were built.

 

Venice - creation of the lagoon city

The first settlements on the islands of the lagoon go back a long way, supposedly to the time of the Etruscans around 700 BC. Chr. As Foundation of Venice will however 421 AD specified. 697 was Anafesto the first doge Venice elected. A doge was elected for life and had all the authority over military and judicial decisions.

Developed over the centuries Venice to a strong trade and sea power. in the 11th century Venice became one independent republicwhich was led by the Doge with the assistance of the Grand Council.

Unfortunately, nothing remains of buildings from the early days of Venice - early 9th to mid 11th century. The oldest houses,Magnificent buildings and Venice buildings, come from the Romanesque, from the 11th century. One of them is the St. Mark's Church, for example. From the Romanesque to the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo is in Venice represented every architectural style.

The Gothic in the 13th-15th century shaped the buildings Venice Indeed the strongest. The Gothic (e.g. with the Doge's Palace) came to that typical Venetian filigree building typewhich was determined not least by the particularly unstable subsoil.

 

How was Venice built? Foundation and construction of Venice under & over water

What visitors to Venice see are houses, buildings and palaces whose facades seem to merge directly with the canals and the water. If the water of the Venice lagoon weren't so heavily polluted and polluted, you could actually see stilts and wooden poles that seem to support the buildings.

It was a very curious idea to found Venice in this lagoon. Venice, which is worth protecting and unique in the world, stands on a sensitive, natural construct, where salt and fresh water, ebb and flow, inflows and outflows are in constant interaction with one another.

 

Venice - the foundation of the magnificent buildings, bridges and houses

The whole City of Venice with all of their Magnificent buildings, churches, Houses and bridges is mostly on the sandy, muddy bottom the approx. 100 islands. The sandbanks form the basis and thus the foundation of the city, so to speak. In between are many, mostly small, canals.

The canals of Venice were once a Rivers or streams. Venice's main channel - the Grand Canal - runs in the former Riverbed the Brenta. The Brenta brought a lot of clay and gravel sediments from the Alps with it, which have condensed in the lagoon into a tough, muddy subsoil.

Only when the theater "La Fenice" burned to the ground in 1996 did you finally have the opportunity to do it Venice foundation to in to dismantle all individual parts and to be able to see Venice more closely from below.

By doing thick silt the lagoon is a simple enough Brick wallwhich are only approx. 80 cm in the mud floor must sit. The typical venetian buildings is from four parallel walls which are perpendicular to the canal and serve as a foundation. These were separate on all floors Walls through wooden beams together "Bracketed". Those braced walls made that supporting framework of magnificent buildings and buildings.

The canal-side facades of Venice stand on stilts

Just that canal-side facadesactually rest on tree trunks.This applies to all buildings on the canals as well as to the bridge structures.

To prevent the walls on the banks from sliding down, people rammed in at the time three meters long, but only 15 cm thick posts in the previously drained subsoil. For the stilts and wooden poles of Venice the Wood type oak preferred, more rarely alder or the soft poplar. The wooden stakes were each with one half a meter distance rammed into the mud floor. The Spaces were then with Clay and Silt filled and so imagined solid foundation.

This construct creates a more compact one Wood mud blockthat gets a buoyancy tendency in the water. Even the imposing, heavy, magnificent buildings of Venice can be adequately supported in this way.

 

Transitional area & construction of the Venetian buildings

Larch boards were nailed to the ends of the wooden piles of this Venetian foundation, and it is crucial that this part of the wooden construction always remains completely under water must lie. Without contact with the air, wood can be kept practically indefinitely. Even microorganisms and industrial waste in the water cannot harm the stilts.

On the Larch boards then an approx. 1.5 m high intermediate layer bricked up. It was either made of bricks or the more expensive limestone from Istria. The same for all buildings, but one 30 cmhigher base from blocks of the expensive white Istrian limestonethat is extremely waterproof.

This waterproof limestone layer forms one horizontal water stop. This barrier covered exactly the area between the deepest and highest waterline, which at that time did not exceed 30 cm. The horizontal barrier protects the magnificent facade built on it from rising water that would otherwise pull into the walls.

Investigations and Underwater shots of Venice show that the Trunks and stakes not rotten over the centuries, on the contrary iron hard became. To this day there is no reason to replace the stakes. As long as they always stay under water.

The building themselves are largely made of constructions Wood, limestone and Bricks made of clay.

Another Venetian peculiarity is that the Front wall is not rigid connected to the building. The front wall was clamped to the load-bearing walls with deformable anchors. This special construction is so stable that it has lasted for many centuries. Since the walls are not rigidly connected, you can self the earthquake the region of this Do not harm the construction.

It is estimated that for the construction of theSanta Maria della Salute approx.1,160,000 piles were rammed into the ground for that Rialto Bridge at least approx. 12,000 piles. In this respect, the lagoon city of Venice somehow stands on a forest of poles, stilts and tree trunks.

Sources on the architecture of Venice: Wolfdietrich Elbert, Centro Tedesco di Studi Veneziani

 

Venice - "City of Canals", "City of Bridges" and "Floating City"

Venice, in the city of canals, all traffic takes place on the water. It is true that there are streets in Venice, more precisely over 3000 alleys and alleys, but these can only on foot be used. Cars, scooters and bicycles are prohibited in the Italian lagoon city.

Venice is a unique city with a unique history: with magnificent historical buildings, numerous Art treasures and a very special one by now morbid, but also romantic charm. The city of Venice is like a painting to walk in. The city with its historical center of approx. 7 km² and the Venice lagoon has been part of the Unesco world heritage site.

Gondolas used to be the traditional means of transport in Venice. Today it is mainly used to drive tourists. The locals, on the other hand, mainly use motor boats.

It is right difficult one Exploration plan to be observed in Venice. New ones keep popping up bridges, Places, channels that grab your curiosity and soon you will find yourself in a completely different corner than planned. And this is that too Nice thing about Venice! A city that for the visitor like a labyrinth is built up and behind each corner a new magnificent sight offers.

Just let yourself drift. In the small shops after Souvenirs rummage. From the known Murano glass inspire and let sparkle. Stopping in between that wonderful atmosphere and let the beautiful houses work. Or a short break in one of the many cafes or restaurants.

Venice has long been way too expensive for most Venetians become. From small supermarkets around the corner, very high-priced, small shops and restaurants emerged. Rent amount to that 3-4 times from the mainland. Almost all buildings are in need of renovation.

The young Venetians in particular are driving the high costs in Venice onto the mainland. That's how it lies Average age the Venetian apparently with 46 years!

 

Why is Venice doomed?

Deepening of ship fairways outside the direct lagoon lead to the fact that the Flood and with it the rise of the water surface far is more pronounced. Above all, however, the cruise ships and super ships that pass through the middle of Venice or directly around the lagoon city ensure the Tod Venice from the inside out. Also through theirs enormous water displacement, they lie High and low tide Brands today about 1m apart.

The blocking of the limestone blocks in the originally critical area has in many cases become useless. Through the Façades that have been protected for a long time now draws water one and many of the ground floors are no longer usable today. In addition, the heavy magnificent buildings seem to gradually sink a few millimeters because the sand and mud give way.

Through the Vibrations the Propellers will the Mortar between the Bricks under water washed out. The foundations of Venice are getting pitted. Bridges, houses and footbridges descend. The maintenance of the city is no longer to be paid for. Venice always had one morbid charm. But the charm of Venice is decreasing and the morbidity is increasing.

Another one, Venice's big problem are the gigantic tourist crowds especially in summer. Especially when many thousands of visitors from the cruise ships force their way into the lagoon city. Especially then, joy, interest and curiosity turn into torture through overcrowded places.

The time has come now that the UNESCO Venice requirements does regarding one sustainable tourism. Otherwise Venice threatens them Red list of endangered world heritage sites to come and Venice the World heritage statusagreed to become.

From May 2019 become “Entrance Fees” to Venice enact. They will then be increased gradually over the next few years. This is what the city promises more money especially from the Day tourists. Maybe then you will Tickets due like for Disneyland? And when you book online, the message “Venice is already sold out for your selected date!” Appears.

It will to save magical, historically significant Venice be? Or is Venice degenerating into an amusement park that leads visitors to believe the romance of times long past? Bella Italia on sale?

 

Venice sights - highlights & insider tips

For all of you visit in the most romantic city in the world plan, I have contributed to many Venice highlights written and refined with insider tips. My contribution has become a small mini-travel guide that covers the varied, beautiful sides of the lagoon city shows you

My little travel guide is suitable for a day visit as well as for a short vacation from 3 - 5 days, to be able to dive a little deeper into the city of romance, the canals, churches and aristocratic palaces. Click here on my little "travel guide": Venice sights - highlights, insider tips for unforgettable experiences

 

Overnight in Venice

On Booking.com (partner link *) you will find an overview of a wide variety of accommodation options and in a wide variety of price categories:

 

in the mood for more Venice to get? Here are some reading recommendations (with affiliate links *) about the lagoon city & its history:

 

Venice "city on stilts", "city of bridges", "city of canals" or "Floating City" - what name describes this enchanting and enchanting citybest for you

 

Do you like my Italy travel report? Then please support me & will FB fan by Passenger On Earth. Thanks! All travel reports by country -> Menu: World in Color