What is the American Theater Service Medal

Is the Ninth American Court of Appeals more liberal than the other federal appeals courts?

Small but nice! pp 269-292 | Cite as


The American federal appeals court for the ninth county - responsible for appeals cases in the western United States - is often characterized by conservative critics as left-wing. Using Bayesian models of judicial behavior, this chapter examines whether this description is generally applicable. The result shows that the judges of the ninth circle were appointed on average by more liberal presidents and senators than the judges of other circles, but that their ideology has less influence on their decision-making behavior than in other circles.

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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceJames Madison UniversityMadison