Sore clit when urinating

Burning in the vagina

Burning in the vagina: causes and possible diseases

If the natural vaginal flora is attacked, it increases the likelihood of an infection in the vagina. Lactic acid bacteria, for example, are sensitive to many antibiotics: if one is taken, it can also affect the vagina. As a result, for example, infections with vaginal yeast infections occur more frequently. However, a vagina that is too dry also complicates the natural defense in the genital area. Psychological factors such as stress can also affect the health of the vagina. The burning sensation in the vagina can occur both as a result of irritation (for example during sex) or permanently.

Burning sensation in the vagina caused by bacteria

In most cases of vaginal infections, certain bacteria in the vagina take over (bacterial vaginosis) and cause unpleasant symptoms such as a burning sensation in the vagina. An overhang of “bad” bacteria is discovered in around five percent of women who go to a gynecologist for a preventive check-up. However, only half of those affected actually have symptoms. In pregnant women, the risk of infection is twice to four times as high.

Bacteria causing a burning sensation in the vagina can often be recognized by the fishy odor of the discharge. The color of the secretion is mostly whitish-greyish. In addition, the pH of the vagina is increased, i.e. less acidic. In addition to classic vaginosis, there are also numerous bacteria that only enter the vulva through unprotected sexual intercourse.

Bacteria that are found in the normal vaginal flora

Gardenerella vaginalis: This type of bacteria is what causes bacterial vaginosis in most cases. The discharge is characterized by the strong fishy odor. Due to the alkaline excretions of the prostate in men, the smell intensifies, especially after sexual intercourse.

Streptococci: This type of bacteria occurs quite normally on the skin and mucous membranes. With an intact immune system, infection is usually prevented. If the natural environment of the vagina is disturbed, it can lead to infection and burning in the vagina. Improper intimate hygiene, diabetes, a lack of estrogen (girls before sexual maturity) and foreign bodies in the vagina are beneficial. The discharge turns greenish-yellow in color.

Staphylococci: Especially in the outer areas of the vulva there are sometimes inflamed hair follicles or sweat glands that are infected with Staphylococcus aureus. These infections can also migrate into deeper tissue layers and trigger boils or carbuncles there. Especially in the early stages of the infection, these areas can cause itching in the vagina, later they are mainly painful and tender.

Bacteria that are transmitted during sexual intercourse

Chlamydia: Chlamydia infections are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and can cause a burning sensation in the vagina. Depending on age, ten percent of the population are considered infected. However, the vast majority of women affected have no symptoms. If the infection manifests itself, it is usually a purulent discharge, an itchy vagina, and painful urination. In the worst case, infection can lead to infertility.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea / gonorrhea): The gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. This leads to inflammation in the genital area. In women, the infection proceeds without symptoms in many cases. However, there may be a burning sensation when urinating or a burning sensation in the vagina and purulent discharge. The disease has been on the rise in recent years, especially among younger adults (average age 30 years).

Mycoplasma: This is a genus of particularly small, cell wallless bacteria that parasitically infect other cells (or bacteria). The pathogen Mycolasma hominis in particular has been linked to bacterial vaginosis. The incidence increases with the number of sexual partners, but it is not yet entirely clear whether the mycoplasmas alone lead to the vaginitis or other bacteria that accompany them. Only certain antibiotics are suitable for combating, as the mycoplasma lacks the cell wall on which many of the antibacterial agents attack.

Burning in the vagina from fungus

One of the most common causes of infections and burning sensations in the vagina are fungi, which also use the sugar in the vaginal flora as a source of food. Especially the yeast Candida albicans feels comfortable in the environment of the vagina. It is responsible for 80 percent of fungal infections. With a smear, the thread-like structures (hyphae) can be clearly seen under the microscope. Women are mainly affected during their fertile phase of life and during pregnancy due to the high levels of estrogen. Before menstruation or after menopause, fungal infections are rare. People with immunodeficiency (for example AIDS or diabetes) are also susceptible to fungal infections.

In addition to the burning vagina, a fungal infection is mainly noticeable as an unpleasant itching in the genital area. In addition, there may be pain when urinating. The discharge is usually white to yellowish and crumbly - its consistency is sometimes reminiscent of cottage cheese.

Burning in the vagina from viruses

Viruses can also attack the vaginal flora and cause inflammation and thus vaginal itching and burning in the vagina. Above all, this includes:

Human papillomavirus (HPV): Certain subspecies of HPV can be found in the genital area Genital warts cause, but most women hardly notice any discomfort. However, some feel an itching or burning sensation in the vagina.

Herpes simplex viruses (HSV): The herpes virus is mainly known in the form of cold sores. The same pathogen can, however, also in the genital area Genital herpes to lead. Most of the time, the viruses “sleep”. However, if there is an outbreak, itchy and sometimes very painful blisters often form in the vagina.

Burning in the vagina due to unicellular organisms

In addition to bacteria, fungi and viruses, there is another variant of microorganisms that can prevail in the genital area: single-cell organisms with a nucleus (bacteria, for example, do not have any). The main representative is called Trichomonas vaginalis. It belongs to the flagellates and always needs a moist environment, as it finds in the vagina. Around 180 million women worldwide become infected with the pathogen every year - making trichomonads one of the most common diseases that are sexually transmitted. In addition to the burning sensation in the vagina, the pungent smelling discharge, which can be yellowish-green and foamy, is characteristic of an infection.

Burning sensation in the vagina due to improper intimate hygiene and allergies

The vaginal flora has a natural balance. This is disturbed with excessive intimate hygiene or normal soap and perfumed products. Occasionally, a foreign body (such as a tampon) is left in the vagina, making it easier for the vagina to become infected. An allergy to certain intimate cleansing products or detergents are also possible causes.

Burning in the vagina after sex

Sometimes women are allergic to latex, which can lead to a burning sensation in the vagina. That is why you do not have to do without a condom during sex, there is now a large selection of "contraceptives" without latex. Other contraceptives can also cause the vagina to burn or itch. This is particularly often the case with spermicides (substances that kill sperm), which are used together with diaphragms, for example.

Occasionally the vagina is not moist enough during sex, the tissue is irritated by the friction and leaves a burning sensation in the vagina - especially if the irritated skin later comes into contact with the acidic urine while urinating.

Burning sensation in the vagina for no apparent cause

In some women, no correct cause such as fungus or bacteria is found for the vaginal burning sensation. Nevertheless, those affected have severe, often chronic complaints that also occur during sex. Here, experts speak of a so-called Vulvodynia. Little is known about this disease so far, so there are no established therapeutic approaches.

Diseases with this symptom

Find out here about the diseases that can cause the symptom: