Koala has teeth like many

Common wombat
Vombatus ursinus

Common wombat
(Vombatus Ursinus)

The first European encounter with wombats in 1797 was unhappy for the people and even more unhappy for the wombats.

Shipwrecked after the sinking of Sydney Cove on Preservation Island near Tasmania, the sailors ate the tough, pliable flesh of the wombat, a creature they thought was a bear or a badger.

We now know that wombats are among the largest earth burrowing animals, weighing up to 40 kg.

Generations of these marsupials build and supplement complex burrow systems that can be up to 30 meters long and have multiple entrances.

These damp structures offer wombats a retreat during the heat of the day and allow them to save water and energy. In fact, a wombat's metabolic rate at rest is 30% lower than that of most marsupials.

Because they have rootless teeth that grow continuously and for life, their diet of sandy, native grass helps them abrade their teeth.

The pairing takes place inside the earthworks and must be done lying on its side.

A cub is born and, like a koala, develops in a pouch that is open at the back.

During severe drought, hairy-nosed wombats have the ability to stop ovulation and sperm production.

Because of their plump appearance, wombats are quite remarkable animals. They are able to speed up to 40km / h over short distances.

Their strong torso contributes to the defense against predators (foxes and dingoes) by smashing their heads on the roof of the earthworks. In addition, research by Prof. Heinz Moeller has shown that wombats have the most developed brain of all marsupials and learn relatively quickly.

Southern-Hairy Nosed Wombat
(Lasiorhinus latifrons)

Differs in appearance from the Common Wombat in having softer, silky gray fur and white hair on the nose. The Southern Hairy-nosed Wombat is a communal species with extensive earthwork systems that are inhabited by 5 to 10 animals of both sexes.

At night it feeds on grasses, herbs and the roots of bushes. Seldom has access to water.

A single cub is born between late September and December and remains in the females' pouch for six to nine months. The weaning takes place at an age of about 12 months.

Limited to semi-arid areas in South Australia and the south-east corner of Western Australia.