Who wrote noor e mubeen meaning

Richard David Precht

Richard David Precht (2012)

Richard David Precht (* December 8, 1964 in Solingen) is a German philosopher and publicist. He is honorary professor for philosophy at the Leuphana University of Lüneburg[1][2] and honorary professor for philosophy and aesthetics at the Hanns Eisler University of Music in Berlin. His bestseller Who am I, and if so, how many? was taken as a book on first place on the Spiegel bestseller list in February 2008 and stayed there until October 2012. Precht thus holds the long-term record on the Spiegel bestseller list. According to the book report, it was the most successful German hardcover non-fiction book of 2008 and took third place in the bestsellers of the decade (2000–2010).[3]

Origin, studies and professional activity

Richard David Precht grew up in a family with five children, including two Vietnamese adoptive children who were taken in by his parents in 1969 and 1972 as a sign of protest against the Vietnam War. His father Hans-Jürgen Precht worked as an industrial designer for the Solingen company Krups and dealt with literature as well as the construction and maintenance of a large private library. The mother was involved in the terre des hommes children's aid organization. The children grew up in a left-wing milieu.[4]

After graduating from high school in June 1984 at the Schwertstrasse high school in Solingen, Precht did his community service as a community helper until September 1985. He then began studying philosophy, German and art history in Cologne and was awarded a Dr. phil. PhD.[5] In his dissertation he examined the central structures of effect of Robert Musils The man without qualities.

1997 was Precht Arthur F. Burns Fellow in the Chicago Tribune, In 1999 he received the Heinz Kühn grant. In 2000/2001 he was a fellow at the European Journalism College in Berlin. As an essayist, Precht writes for German newspapers and magazines. From 2002 to 2004 he was a columnist for the magazine Literatures and from 2005 to 2008 freelance presenter of the WDR radio broadcast Day sign (formerly Critical diary).

Precht was married to the Luxembourg television presenter and deputy editor-in-chief of RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg, Caroline Mart. The marriage ended in divorce.[6]

Works

Fiction

In 1999 Precht wrote the detective educational novel together with his brother Georg JonathanThe ship in the Noor. The book is set in 1985 and uses the Danish island of Lilleö (in reality: Ærø) as a backdrop for a complicated web of motifs and analogy, such as that between theology and police work. On the surface, the book is a detective story about a sunken ship and a long-ago murder. At a deeper level, the book is about the order of things. The philosopher Michel Foucault is also present, who appears in the guise of the restorer Mikkel Folket. The book was re-published in 2009 under the originally planned title The instruments of Mr. Jörgensen.

the novel The cosmonauts from 2002 tells the love story and identity of Georg and Rosalie in their late twenties, who met in Cologne and moved in together shortly afterwards in the Berlin of the post-reunification period in 1990/91. At first they live the life of bohemians in Berlin-Mitte, from which Rosalie increasingly distances herself in the course of the plot. She changes her attitudes, falls in love with another man and finally separates from Georg in order to lead a middle-class life. At the end of the novel, their mutual friend Leonhard dies in a tragic accident. In parallel, Precht tells the fate of Sergej Krikaljow, the last cosmonaut in the Soviet Union, in short episodes.

In the autobiographical book published in 2005 Lenin only got as far as Lüdenscheid - My Little German Revolution Precht remembers from a child's perspective his childhood in the 1970s in a left-wing family close to the DKP. At the same time, he looks back on the world political events and socio-political developments in the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s and describes political attitudes, ideological attitudes and everyday details of the epoch. The book was filmed in 2007 with the support of WDR, SWR and the North Rhine-Westphalia Film Foundation.[7]

philosophy

In his 1997 book Noah's legacy Precht deals with the ethical questions in the relationship between humans and animals and their social consequences. He advocates a changed approach to animals on the basis of an “ethics of ignorance”. The book has been fundamentally revised and was re-published in 2016 under the title: Animals think. On the right of animals and the limits of man. In four parts - "The human animal", "The animal in the human eye", "A new animal ethics" and "What to do?" - Precht draws a bow from the biological-anthropological question to the history of human culture, religion and philosophy -Animal relationship towards a new philosophical justification of animal ethics as "sensitization". The last part of the book deals with practical questions such as the animal welfare law, hunting, carnal nutrition, animal experiments, zoological gardens and species protection.

In 2007 Precht wrote an easily understandable introduction to fundamental philosophical questions. Who am I, and if so, how many? was on the non-fiction bestseller list for many years.

In his 2009 book Love: a messy feeling Precht deals with the biology, evolution, social and psychological dimensions of love.

Appeared in 2010 The art of not being an egoist. The book examines our moral behavior from a philosophical, biological, developmental and social psychological perspective. In the third, political part, Precht pleads for more civic engagement and for a transformation of democracy through new forms of citizen participation and codetermination.

Appeared in 2011 Why is there everything and not nothing?, a book about philosophical questions and their answers, including his son Oskar, with whom his father plays a question-and-answer game on walks through Berlin.

In 2013 Precht published a book on education and the German school system. In Anna, the school and the good Lord: The education system's betrayal of our children he makes a fundamental criticism of the existing education system and calls for an "educational revolution" because the existing system is neither child-friendly nor effective.

Appeared in 2015 Know the world, the first volume in a popular three-volume history of philosophy. The book does not see itself as a lexical, but as a "philosophical history of philosophy" with special reference to social and economic history: The "entire work is a kind of sequel of the same big questions in their respective new garments." (P. 19) .

Television broadcast

ZDF has been broadcasting under the title since September 2012 Precht[8] a series on philosophy with him.[9][10] It can be seen six times a year on late Sunday evenings and lasts 45 minutes each. Directed by Gero von Boehm.

Editing

Precht has been co-editor of the magazine since December 2010 agora42. He complains that it is a social fiasco, "that economists are hardly interested in philosophy, philosophers are hardly interested in economics".[11]

engagement

Precht has been the patron of the Federal Association of Mentor - Die Leselernhelfer Hannover e. V. The initiative advocates the promotion of low-literacy students through committed citizens.

Positions

2011 in Frankfurt am Main

Civil society

In his book The art of not being an egoist Precht advocates a renewal of civil society. Philosophically, he is close to American communitarianism, the idea of ​​democratizing society through higher civic community spirit. He sees the obligation of business and politics to steady economic growth as harmful and as a threat to prosperity and wellbeing.[12] He regards questions of distributive justice, the growing gap between rich and poor and the establishment of morally distant milieus in the upper class as well as in the lower class as fundamental.[13]

digitalization

In numerous lectures, essays and interviews, Precht deals with the consequences of digitization for our society.[14][15][16] He criticizes the fact that politicians see digitization almost exclusively as a technical problem and that hardly any other question arises than that of the competitiveness of German companies. For Precht, on the other hand, digitization is a challenge for society as a whole that urgently needs to be politically shaped. If politicians do not act fast enough, Precht sees gloomy future scenarios: a society geared towards “gains in efficiency” and “monopoly” with simultaneous mass unemployment. Together with the computer scientist Manfred Broy, Precht calls on us to develop a "positive future scenario": "Why don't we show how a new form of society, economy and lifestyle can arise due to the possibilities of digitization?"[17]

migration

On the subject of migration, Precht says that "the exodus of refugees from their home countries [...] has only just begun". “It will reshape the geography of the 21st century. And he will have to change the politics of the rich European countries with a view to a new cross-national solidarity. "[18] With this in mind, he and Rupert Neudeck advocate a foreign policy to prevent refugees and targeted development aid for a few selected countries in order to actually advance them decisively.[19]

education

Precht is a sharp critic of the existing German education system, which he considers neither effective nor suitable for children. He calls for an "educational revolution", similar to the one in the 1960s and 1970s, to make Germany's schools fit for a society that has been completely changed under the auspices of digital. In addition to teachers, he would like to involve competent people from outside in everyday school life. As an example, Precht mentions that renowned practitioners should also teach in schools, including those who have retired. In subjects such as mathematics, he sees the opportunity to use electronic aids to better address the level of knowledge of schoolchildren and students. He is also of the opinion that undergraduate studies at university are no longer appropriate in many subjects, because it is better to watch an introductory lecture by a Nobel Prize winner at home, where you can scroll back if you don't understand something.[20][21] For teacher training, he suggests castings as a selection process in order to screen out unskilled teachers at an early stage. Instead of technical seminars for teacher training, he advocates “teacher academies” based on the model of art colleges.

Animals

With regard to the handling of animals in society, Precht recognizes a "schizophrenia" between the high sensitivity of many people on the one hand and everyday practice in industrial animal husbandry and animal experimentation on the other. He advocates a change in legal practice with regard to the interpretation of the Animal Welfare Act and criticizes the social practice of hunting, fur farms and experiments on primates.[22]

reception

According to the Neuer Zürcher Zeitung, Precht is “the only contemporary philosopher whose name has become a phenomenon”.[23] Precht is perceived as a public intellectual, as a “citizen philosopher” (DIE ZEIT) and “medial all-purpose weapon” (DER SPIEGEL).[24][25] His popular philosophical non-fiction books convey current topics of contemporary philosophy to a broad public. It stands in the tradition of popular philosophy of the 17th century or popular non-fiction books from the turn of the 20th century and is therefore exposed to the same points of criticism.[26] While proponents emphasize that it gives broad impact to topics that are of greater importance in high culture or the academic world, it is often sharply attacked by critics in the German feature pages.[27][28]

Awards

  • 2001 Journalism Prize for Biomedicine.

Fonts

Books

  • Noah's legacy. On the right of animals and the limits of man. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-499-60872-3.
  • The cosmonauts. Novel. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Munich 2003, ISBN 978-3-462-03216-1.
  • Baader brown. In: Iris Radisch (Ed.): The best 2004. Klagenfurt texts. The 28th Days of German-Language Literature in Klagenfurt. Piper, Munich / Zurich 2004, ISBN 3-492-04648-7. (Contribution to the Ingeborg Bachmann Competition 2004, online).
  • Who am I, and if so, how many? A philosophical journey. Goldmann, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-442-31143-9.
  • with Georg Jonathan Precht: Mr. Jørgensen's instruments. Novel. Goldmann, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-442-47115-7.
  • Love: a messy feeling. Goldmann, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-442-15554-5.
  • The art of not being an egoist. Why we want to be good and what keeps us from doing it. Goldmann, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-442-31218-4.
  • Lenin only got as far as Ludenscheid. My little German revolution. Extended Edition. Ullstein, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-548-37323-2.
  • Why is there everything and not nothing? A trip into philosophy. Goldmann, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-442-31238-2.
  • Anna, school and God. The education system's betrayal of our children. Goldmann, Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-442-31261-0.
  • Know the world, history of philosophy 1. Goldmann, Munich 2015, ISBN 978-3-442-31262-7.
  • Animals think. On the right of animals and the limits of man, Goldmann, Munich 2016, ISBN 978-3442314416
  • Know yourself, history of philosophy 2. Goldmann, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3442313679

Essays and articles (selection)

  • The invasion of images.Nobody asks questions, digital television answers. In: The time. August 8, 1997
  • Green worries, black visions. Ecology in the fear-free society. In: FAZ. March 20, 1999
  • According to the rules of the game of biology. Ernst Haeckel and his current descendants. In: FAZ. January 15, 2000
  • Collapsing sand castles. Why the creator of "spherology" is a gifted linguist and critic, but not a great philosopher. In: Literatures. July / August 2004
  • Cowardice before the people. Against the lying human rights bellicism. In: The mirror. No. 32, 2009, pp. 118-119 (August 3, 2009, online).
  • Two men and the moon. The dispute between Peter Sloterdijk and the Frankfurt School has turned into a strange quarrel. In: The mirror. No. 45, 2009, pp. 150-152 (November 2, 2009, online).
  • ... and nobody wakes up. Do we still live in a democracy or do we prefer to leave politics to a small leadership elite? In: The time. 24/2010 of June 10, 2010.
  • Social wars. From the uneasiness of the middle class. In: The mirror. No. 39, 2010, pp. 176-177 (September 27, 2010, online).
  • Always more is always less. Who actually determines progress? In: The mirror No. 5/2011, January 31, 2011 online
  • From the lurching of the galley. Bio-philosophical reflections on the obscure "markets". In: The mirror 2/2012, January 9, 2012 (online)
  • Cold-placed frogs. Politics no longer knows ethos: it wants to measure the world instead of shaping it. In: The mirror 37/2013, September 9, 2013 (online)
  • Who is more conservative? Right-wing populists and Islam are closer than they think. In: The mirror 6/2015, January 31, 2015 (online)
  • Real dreams, real need. Where we are drifting, who is abolishing Germany and why the refugees are not here to use us. In: The time 1/2016, January 14, 2016 (online)
  • (with Harald Welzer) Youth to power! Our debate about refugees is dominated by older intellectuals. They stir up fears where openness prevails. Your despondency is dangerous. In: The time 13/2016, March 17, 2016 (online)
  • Our irritable souls - Europe needs citizens and not users and consumers. A plea for a new European narrative. Die Zeit No. 40/2016, September 22nd, 2016

Movie

  • Lenin only got as far as Ludenscheid. Documentary and feature film, Germany, 2008, 88 min., Screenplay: Richard David Precht, director: André Schäfer, production: Florianfilm, commissioned by WDR, SWR, cinema premiere: June 1, 2008 in Solingen,[33] Film review:[34] The documentary was nominated for the German Film Prize 2009.

literature

  • Gero von Boehm: Richard David Precht. February 18, 2009. Interview in: Encounters. Images of man from three decades. Collection Rolf Heyne, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-89910-443-1, pp. 650–660.
  • Tomas Alexander Hartmann: Hartmann versus Precht. The great controversy; Leibnitz Library Hanover, Philosophy

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Philosopher Precht teaches at Leuphana. ndr.de, June 1, 2011, archived from the original on July 19, 2011; Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  2. ↑ Press release of the university, accessed on August 25, 2011.
  3. ↑ Book report: Best seller of the year 2008
  4. ↑ In the autobiographical story Lenin only got as far as Ludenscheid Precht describes in detail his childhood and family background Lenin only got as far as Ludenscheid. My little German revolution. Extended Edition. Ullstein, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-548-37323-2.
  5. ↑ Title of the dissertation from 1994: The sliding logic of the soul. Aesthetic self-reflexivity in Robert Musil's "The Man Without Qualities"
  6. Philosophy as a model for success. Richard David Precht turns 50: Cologne residents had to wait a long time for recognition. In: The world. December 5, 2014, accessed December 1, 2015.
  7. ↑ The film was shown in German art house cinemas in 2008 and reached more than 20,000 viewers.
  8. ↑ Homepage of the show
  9. ↑ Michael Hanfeld: ZDF hires “Philosophical Quartet”. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, March 26, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  10. Precht wants to address people's everyday problems. In: The world, July 23, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  11. agora42. Home page. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  12. ↑ Richard David Precht: The estranged republic. The presidential election is about more than just an office or a person. In: The mirror. No. 26, 2010, pp. 116-117 (June 28, 2010, online).
  13. ↑ Richard David Precht: Social wars. From the uneasiness of the middle class. In: The mirror. No. 39, 2010, pp. 176-177 (September 27, 2010, online).
  14. ↑ Marc Boos: [ttps: //www.caritas.de/fuerprofis/caritaskongress/artikel2016/wir-brauchen-eine-positive-utopie Richard David Precht: We need a positive utopia.] URL invalid May 3, 2016, accessed January 26, 2017.
  15. Richard David Precht: Thoughts on the Digital Revolution. In: VISIONMAG. August 12, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  16. ↑ The Carinthia Garden: Richard David Precht Industry 4 0. January 30, 2015, accessed January 26, 2017.
  17. ↑ Manfred Broy and Richard David Precht: Data eats up the soul. Digitization is becoming the fourth industrial revolution. But there is no socio-political answer. In: THE TIME. No. 5, 2017, page 8.
  18. ^ Richard Precht: Morality: Real dreams, real hardship. In: The time. Hamburg 2016-01-14, ISSN 0044-2070 (http://www.zeit.de/2016/01/moral-fluechtlinge-deutschland-fluechtlingspolitik-buerokratie).
  19. ^ Cossack van Ze: Richard David Precht and Rupert Neudeck. September 12, 2015, accessed December 4, 2016.
  20. ↑ Richard David Precht: Forget the knowledge! Sternstunde Kultur, SF, November 23, 2013
  21. Forget Precht! In: FAZ. May 6, 2013.
  22. "The misery is greater than ever before", Richard David Precht on meat consumption and animal husbandry: Naturefund. In: www.naturefund.de. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  23. ↑ Claudia Mäder: Richard David Precht on the present: "Philosophy is facing a great new era". In: The New Zurich Times. 2016-11-19 ISSN 0376-6829 (http://www.nzz.ch/feuilleton/zeitgeschehen/richard-david-precht-ueber-die-gegenwart-der-philosophie-estand-eine-neue-grosse-zeit- before-ld. 129311).
  24. ↑ Ursula March: Richard David Precht: Our citizen philosopher. In: The time. Hamburg 2011-01-05, ISSN 0044-2070 (http://www.zeit.de/2011/02/Portraet-Precht).
  25. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany: CAREERS: Vielosoph to go - DER SPIEGEL 34/2011. In: www.spiegel.de. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  26. Forget Precht! In: FAZ, May 6, 2013.
  27. Oh you racehorses, just eat more phrase oats! In: FAZ, April 28, 2013.
  28. Review note on Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. In: Perlentaucher, accessed on July 22, 2013. Regina Mönch also shares this criticism, she considers Precht's ideas to be fuzzy and polemical.
  29. AMV Sales Award Sally. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  30. ↑ deutscher-fernsehpreis.de: List of the 2013 award winners (German, accessed on October 22, 2013)
  31. ↑ Marc Bartl: German television award: Precht receives award for ZDF philosophy program. In: kress. September 26, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
  32. ↑ PETA Germany e.V .: PETA “Progress Awards 2017”: Animal rights organization honors Richard David Precht. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  33. ↑ Precht: The world in my head (Memento from March 4, 2009 in Internet Archive), Solinger Tageblatt, June 2, 2008.
  34. ↑ Film review: Lenin only got as far as Ludenscheid, Die Tageszeitung, June 5, 2008, by Barbara Schweizerhof.