Vertebrae in the neck pop when turning the head
Why does the neck crack when turning the head and what to do in this case?
The neck grinds when turning or tilting the head - how dangerous is this symptom? Many people face this phenomenon, but often find it a simple consequence of a sedentary lifestyle. What is really behind this phenomenon, when is it time to sound an alarm and get medical help? You can find the answers to these questions in our article.
Causes of a crunch in the throat
What is Cervical Crackle? Send out unpleasant noise joints intervertebral discs, and this phenomenon can have a variety of reasons that are completely harmless (physiological) or pathological, associated with the passage of concomitant diseases.
The cervical spine experiences the highest loads because it promotes mobility of the head and shoulders. A crunch in the neck can appear periodically and go away without consequences, and it can be a symptom of serious pathologies associated with the destruction of the vertebrae. We will first consider quite harmless reasons for the crunching of the joints in the neck, which are not related to the course of the pathological process.
Physiological causes of crunch
Block head The most common cause of crunches is a sedentary lifestyle, insufficient mobility of the neck. When a person is forced to spend the whole day in the same position (at the desk, at the computer) without enough time to warm up, the neck begins to sweat and then crunches when the head is turned or tilted.
and close to it the peculiarities of the structure of cartilage and connective tissue is another physiological cause of this phenomenon. The appearance of an uncomfortable crunch in the neck is a characteristic feature inherent in many people of a slim body with excessive mobility of the joints and weak muscle tone. This crunch isn't too dangerous to your health if you follow the optimal type of physical activity.
Another reason the neck crunches are excessive physical activity accompanied by excessive physical exertion. In professional athletes, one can observe the collapse of the joints of the cervical spine during the long bursts of training. Usually this phenomenon occurs after a mandatory warm-up. Often times, amateur athletes or gym habits begin to break their throats. In order to crunch was, you need to make a more rational training plan and dose physical exercise.
Infants have an age-related characteristic - synovial fluid, which is necessary to prevent joint friction, is produced in insufficient quantities. Because of this, the baby's joints and neck may tear. After a year, this phenomenon usually goes by itself and you do not need to treat it. But if the crunch is constantly heard, then it is necessary to show the baby the pediatrician - perhaps there is a chance to identify spine disease at an early stage and prevent the serious consequences of various congenital malformations of the musculoskeletal system. The pathological causes
On the edge of the pathology are such formations as osteophytes - bone growths on the vertebrae. They arise from a violation of the phosphorus-calcium metabolism or from destructive age-related changes in the tissues of the spine.
Violation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism can cause a sharp crunch in the throat. Calcium is extremely important for the formation of the structure of bone tissue, but its excess is deposited in cartilage, ligaments and tendons. These structures lose their elasticity, become less flexible and crunch when moving. For treatment, you should change the diet to reduce calcium levels to normal.
Depending on their size and location, osteophytes cannot influence the patient's condition in any way, but they can severely limit the mobility of the neck. The cracking causes osteophytes to come into contact with the cartilage and bone tissue. Whether this should be dealt with depends on the degree of mobility impairment. In most cases, osteophytes are a harbinger of more severe pathologies associated with degenerative-dystrophic processes in the bone and cartilage tissues of the joints.
Doctors are named among the most common diseases of the cervical spine. This is the process of thinning and gradual destruction of the cartilage of the intervertebral discs. It affects most of the moving parts of the spine - the cervical and lumbar spine.
Osteochondrosis more reasons - can affect genetic predisposition, poor posture, sedentary lifestyle, unbalanced diet, the anatomical features of the structure of the spine, metabolic disorders, skin aging. There is usually a combination of several negative factors. Provoke an exacerbation of the disease can be hypothermia, stress or intense physical activity.
Manifestations of osteochondrosis are very different - the mobility of the affected spine is broken, the neck constantly crunches from tilting or turning the head, there is pain, the muscles tired and sore from the monotonous posture when a man is in a static position for a long time . In more advanced cases, the procedure involves the spinal nerves, there is pain in the neck, shoulders, headache, and chest pain that mimics angina. In the risk group - office workers, students, students, people with monotonous physical work, in which the neck muscles are constantly under tension.
Illness occurs with periods of exacerbation and remission. While the inflammation subsides, the patient may feel fine, but severe pain is followed in the phase of exacerbation of osteochondrosis. The intensity of the pain is so high that a person cannot move their neck or turn their head. The situation exacerbates the protective hypertension of the muscles, which greatly limits the mobility of the neck.
Osteochondrosis Treatment of the most common causes of a crunch in the neck - osteochondrosis, a long process that does not stop the patient's whole life. Complex therapy includes medication, physical therapy sessions, a variety of alternative techniques (manual therapy, acupuncture), and in severe cases, resort to surgical treatment.
Drug treatment is based on anti-inflammatory, chondroprotective drugs in tablets, ointments or injections. If necessary, prescribe drugs of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. Spasm muscles are relaxed with muscle relaxants, a strong pain syndrome is stopped with strong analgesics (Ketanov, Ketonal). In cases where the growth of osteophytes and destruction of the intervertebral discs lead to poor blood circulation and cerebral hypoxia, Aktovegin prescribed drugs, Cinnarizine, Trental. These drugs contribute to vasodilation and eliminate dangerous manifestations of a severe -golovokruzheniya appearance cervical osteoarthritis "flies" in front of eyes, drop in blood pressure, upper limb numbness.
very important role played by physical therapy (physiotherapy) - it strengthens the muscles of the neck, forming a solid frame that supports the spine. The general motor activity has a positive effect on the patient's condition, improves the mobility of the joints in the cervical area, relieves pain and stiffness.
With osteochondrosis, it is justified to use warming procedures, compresses, UHF, drug electrophoresis. Massage is effective during periods of remission, but strictly prohibited during an exacerbation. Complications of osteochondrosis are treated surgically. Compression
Osteoarthritis progressions lead to "subsidence" vertebrae, the decrease in the distance between the discs, and the occurrence of characteristic crunching when the head turns. Gradually thinning vertebrae structure, cartilaginous tissues are destroyed, resulting in injury compression of nerve roots and the spinal cord.
As a result, there are serious complications - excruciating pain, weakness, reduced mobility, problems urinating and defecating. Treatment of compression is carried out conservatively or surgically.
Disease accompanied by degenerative-dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs, spores the growth of bone tissue and the formation of bones (osteophytes) in the vertebral surface. Spondylosis is diagnosed more often in the elderly (after 50 years).
Due to the height of the intervertebral discs and other anatomical abnormalities in the neck region, appear dull, reduce excruciating pain, agility of the neck deterioration, the patient complains of vertebrae crunching when turning your head. As the disease progresses, dizziness and migraines occur, accompanied by impaired blood flow and hypoxia of the brain. The compression of the nerve endings is accompanied by noise in the ears, decreased vision, inability to focus the eye. The neck muscles are spasmodic, in constant tension, which affects mobility and causes pain syndrome. Methods
Spondylosis drug treatment is the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants (for relieving stress muscles), analgesics (pain). In addition, the doctor will appoint means that normalize the circulation of blood, multivitamin complexes. If necessary, antidepressants, antipsychotics, or sedatives are prescribed.
- Pulse Therapy Using Low Frequency Current ;: After
stihanija exacerbation patient physio prescribed
- -Sessions of diadynamic therapy;
- Methods with sinusoidal modulated currents;
- Application of the percutaneous neurostimulation method;
- UHF and UFO;
- Shock wave therapy.
Therapeutic massage and exercise therapy are recommended to the patient, exercises are selected individually for each patient, they should be performed under the guidance of an instructor.
Arthrosis In this disease there is a progressive destruction of the articular cartilage of flat structures between the cervical vertebrae, which leads to its displacement and compression of blood vessels and nerve roots in the problem area. Degenerative changes in the vertebrae are manifested by a crunch in the neck area and excruciating pain.
Causes of the disease can be congenital and acquired (the effects of injury, high exertion or a sedentary lifestyle). If at the beginning of the pathological process, the patient draws malaise to chronic fatigue, then as the disease increases in severity of symptoms. In addition to the characteristic crunch in the neck, severe pain occurs precisely in the head and spreads along the entire length of the spine, there is an increase in pressure, nausea, not cut off drugs.
Methods of treatment The composition of the complex therapy doctors are anesthetic and anti-inflammatory agents, hondroprotektory allows slowly the progression of the pathology. In addition, the patient may need to consult a cardiologist, vascular doctor, surgeon, ophthalmologist, or neurologist.
Drug treatment during periods of remission complement physiotherapy - magnetic and ultrasound therapy, UHF, electrophoresis drugs. A good effect is achieved through exercise therapy and following a special diet. Vitamin-mineral complexes and bioactive additives bring benefits, improve the nutrition of the joints and normalize metabolic processes.
reduces the load on the cervical spine and motor load on the joints during the exacerbation reduces the collar wearing helps Shantz - a special orthopedic corset for neck immobilization.
Curvature of the spine is a group of diseases that can also cause neck pain and crunch. By the term "curvature" is meant a significant deviation of the spine from its normal position. There are three main types of spinal deformation - scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis (and mixed types too).
Scoliosis refers to the deviation of the spine sideways, most often to the right. Depending on the degree of curvature of the defect, the manifested severe spinal deformity may be noticeable only in the elevation (first degree) or in the last stages. Particularly difficult in terms of treatment is 4 degree scoliosis, which causes displacement of internal organs and often leads to disability. For the treatment of scoliosis, LFK methods are used, with ineffectiveness - surgical intervention.
Kyphosis - deviation of the spine back, which leads to a characteristic appearance of the patient (hump). As a rule, it affects the pathology of the thoracic spine, hinders neck mobility, creates the conditions for the destruction of the vertebrae of the cervical spine, accompanied by a characteristic crunch. Lordosis (deviation of the spine towards the front) is much less common. Treatment of a crunch in the neck with head rotations associated with the curvature of the spine is mostly surgical.
Consequences of spinal and neck injuries are one of the most dangerous causes of pathological cracking. If at this point the patient has not received competent medical care and the trauma is not completely healed, there is a risk of complications. A crack in the neck can be the first sign of a disease developing.
An injury may result in decreased neck mobility, persistent pain, and impaired feeling in the scalp, neck and hands. Some signs that the patient is not associated with a neck injury. For example, numbness of the face, tinnitus, increased anxiety. Injury complications can be one of the causes of carotid arteries, cerebral blood flow disorders, and poor motor skills.
Several specialists are engaged in the treatment of such conditions - a traumatologist, a neurologist, a vertebrologist, a manual therapist, a masseur.
Cervical spine instability
This condition is more common congenital to abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system. It is characterized by heaviness and sore spine even at rest, while moving the head there is pain and a characteristic crunch or click associated with a shift in joint connections.
Treatment of the pathology is handled by the vertebrate. Usually, the patient is advised to wear a special orthopedic collar supporting muscles of the neck in the correct position, to strengthen various massage techniques and methods of manual therapy with muscle frames and to give the correct position of the vertebrae.
What should I do?
What should I do if my neck grinds when I turn my head? First of all, you need to monitor your condition and notice the presence of other symptoms of anxiety:
- crunching in the neck is accompanied by dizziness and headache;
- there is a noise in the ears, flickering "flies" in front of the eyes, the eyesight decreases;
- the attacks of weakness increase, there is a feeling of chronic fatigue;
- painful syndrome in the neck persistent patients constantly;
- painful sensations gradually build up, give back to the neck, shoulder, under the shoulder blade, imitate a heart attack;
- increases blood pressure, noticed numbness of the face;
- Neck movements are hindered, sensitivity and mobility of the upper extremities decrease, coordination of movements is impaired;
- marked pallor of the skin, violation of tendon reflexes, increased sweating;
- Skin in the area of the affected cervical vertebrae swollen, with the progression of the inflammatory process - hot to the touch.
If all the above unpleasant symptoms can be just crunching notes happy - it is a perfectly repairable condition, and dealing with it is quite simple - you need to rethink your diet and do not forget about exercise and optimal physical activity.
If there are troubling symptoms that indicate the development of a pathological process, it should be possible to contact a specialist as soon as possible. How to get rid of the crunch in the throat will prompt a neurologist, surgeon, traumatologist, vertebrologist.It may be necessary to consult other specialists, for example a chiropractor.
Management of the block The therapeutic training is carried out under the guidance of the LFK methodologist. If
Crunching in the neck accompanied by excruciating pain, mobility is severely reduced, there is a feeling of shortness of breath - an urgent need to see a doctor, and it is better to call "ambulance." , can go unnoticed immediately, but have serious consequences in the distant past.
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