Kirstie Alley look who is talking about bra

c grammar

Around

Anne Buscha Szilvia Szita Susanne Raven

iw
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you
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Language level CI C2

Exercise grammar German as a foreign language

grammar
Anne Buscha Szilvia Szita Susanne Raven

Exercise grammar German as a foreign language


Language level C1 C2
- With drawings by Jean-Marc Deltorn

CHUBERT
Publishing house i

Please see our website with additional tasks and exercises for language levels C1 and C2 at: www.oufgoben.schubert-verlog.de

Appendix 7.8: Grommotik communicative and interactive was developed by Andrea Westphal. Publishing office: Layout and typesetting: Cover photo: 5. 2017 4. 16 Silvia Hofmann Diana Becker Andreas Buscha

3. 15

2. 14

1. 13

The last digits indicate the number and year of printing.

All prints of this edition can be used side by side as they have not been changed.

SCHUBERT-Verlag, Leipzig 1st edition 2013 All rights reserved Printed in Germany ISBN: 978-3-941323-11-7

1 l

Verbs
Th e T e rn s e h e r l u ft.. .....................................

1.1 Temporal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.7
.8

1.1.1 Prsens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O tto k a u ft. "Paul cooks for his guests. 1.1.2 Perfect................................. M ax has given a gift 1.1.3 Prteritum............................. 1.1.4 Past perfect ...... ........................ W hen I came, O tto ge ra de had a shower.. .....
..................

15 20 25

1.1.5 Future 1 and II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G u s ta v w e find a solution.


Till tomorrow we have found a solution. 27

1.2 Modal Verbs

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H e r r Kle in s c h m id t can really cook. . . . . .
O tto the new pro g ra m m must be in s ta llie r. . . . T he B rie f marks must have a value of 1000 F u ro. , ............................................ .. ... .........................................

29 .30

1.2.1 Modal verbs in their basic meaning. . 1.2.2 Modal verbs with a subjective meaning

33 37 40 43

1.2.3 Verbs similar to modal verbs

M o r it z le r n t cook.

1.3 Reflexive verbs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O tto pulls the H em d a n ..................... 1.4 Verbs and their supplements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I thank you for the flowers. 1.4.1 Verbs with a direct case 1.4.2 Verbs with a prepositional case 1.5 Passive 1.5.1 Process passive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5.2 State passive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5.3 Passive substitute forms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Modes 1.6.1 Imperative
F ra n z w e u u n te rs e u w t. . .................... ..

...... .......

T h e r D ie b e s ta h l a lot of valu e s s t n d e .................. .43 P a u l l e n k t to his work. ........... ..

47

.................... ....................... .. , 54 . ..........................

The laundry is washed.

. 59

THIS OUTPUT IS EASILY RETURNED. .................... .62

. Don't sing like that! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65

1.6.2 Subjunctive II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I w re g e rn A s tro n a u t. ......................................... .68 Passive in the subjunctive II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requests, suggestions, opinions
G u s ta v w rd ou n t rs e p o rt. , ....................

.69

M a lot I ought to have closed the windows. ...................... ............................ ........... 70

Unreal conditions, wishes, comparisons


1.6.3 Subjunctive 1- Indirect speech. Passive in the subjunctive 1 1.7 Noun-verb connections. . . . . . . .

W hen the H a ific M e n s h e n s w re s Th e M in is te r s a g te, e r s u s a rt.

. ............... .73 . . ......... . 77

. G u s ta v said, e r w e r d e le i n te r s e c h t ............. 79 F o r th e P re s s e c o n fe re n ce n ce, the subject a c tu e r rh h u n g u r to l a u c e. ............... ..............

83

Nouns, articles and pronouns


2.1 Gender, number and case of nouns 2.1.1 Gender .................................... .. ..................... the tree, the mouse, the heart
.......................... .

88

2.1.2 Number ............................... ............... ......... an A \ from, many M u s e .......................................... . .90 2.1.3 Case ................ ............................ . T he H n d le r g ib t th e W r u des A p o th e k e rs
an Apple. ........................ .......................... ............. . .92

Who or what determines the case? ........ 2.2 Nominalization 2.2.1 Word formation of nouns ..... . the W e in c o p o rting
...............................................

. . .94 .99 102 105 . . 108

2.2.2 Nominalization of verbal structures

. . T he F in a n z m in is te r r e d e t today.
the todays speech of the f in a n z m in is te rs .............

2.3 Article 2.4 Pronouns 2.4.1 Personal pronouns 2.4.2 Indefinite pronouns ................

. . a cat, a cat, m a cat .................

. What can I do for you? ..................... ..

I do not know anybody. I don’t know .................. . 110

Adjectives and participles


3.1 Declination and comparison of adjectives 3.1.1 Declination 3.1.2 Comparison
. . . . . . . . . . . The old tu e s te h t in the 'P ergam onm useum. ... It is the eldest sta tu e in the M useum s. The le rn e n d e K in d s it z t a u f dem S o fa ...............

112 117 120

...

........

3.2 Participles as adjectives 3.3 Nominalized adjectives and participles 3.4 Adjectives with complements ........

G e s te rn b ra c h a U n b e k a n n te r into the M useum. 126 Exhausts are harmful to the environment. T he R om an was too long for him .......................... 131

| Prepositions, adverbs and particles


4.1 prepositions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . We travel by train ........................................ .... ........... Everything was different before. . . . . . . . .

136 147 151

4.2 Adverbs 4.3 Speech particles

................................. ..

W hat is p a s ie rt, O tt ilie? . . . . . . . .

Simple sentences
5.1 Position of the verbs .................
. . . . . . . K e r s tin m a c h t je d e n M o rg e n G y m n a s tik. .

. 154

5.2 Position of the other parts of the sentence 5.2.1 Parts of the sentence in the middle field 5.2.2 Parts of the sentence in the trailing field
............. I have the C o m p u te rp ro g ra m m e rk l r t in one of the colons The ap ple l cost 20 C more than a year ago. ................................ ..................

. . 158 . 162

5.3 Special part of the sentence: apposition

.......

T he Z ug spitze, the highest mountain in Germany, is Z? 6Z M e t e r high.

. . 164 167

5.4 Negation .............. ..

D e r w a t m i n e c h t g e c h m e c k t

Compound sentences
6.1 Main clauses 6.1.1 Compounding sentences: conjunctions. . . . . . . . . . M a r t in m a c h t in the W in te r to the A lp e n Holiday,
Because you can ski. ........................

170

6.1.2 Compounding sentences: conjunctive adverbs

M a r t in f h r t g e rn ski, therefore m a c h t e r in the w in te r in the alpe n vacation.

. 173

6.2 Adverbial clauses

M a r t in m a c h t im W in te r in den A lp e n U rlaub, w e il e r g e rn S ki f h r t.

.....................................

. 176

6.3 Sense-directed infinitive constructions

. . . . . . . . . . M a r t in goes on vacation to relax. 183. 185

6.4 Overview of adverbial clauses: semantic assignment 6.5 Infinitive constructions and verb-dependent ones. . . . . . . M a r t in a t the point, this suffix with that
Y o u r to A c h e n c h e n g e r h.

191

6.6 Questions as subsidiary clauses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M a r t in w e i n i t, how many stars


the H o te l B e r report "has.

. . . . . . . . . .

. 194

6.7 Relative clauses 6.7.1 Relative clauses with the; die, dos ........................... M a r t in n im m t die S k ie r mit, die e r
H OWN OVER TEN YEARS OF BEAUTY. . . . . . .

196

6.7.2 Relative clauses with where (-), who, where

........ .. M a r t in m a c h t im U rla u b n u r that,


what really works for him. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

6.8 Participatory clauses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . From the U rla u b u r c k e rt e rt, e rz h lte


M a rt in his friends from the trip.

.203

attachment
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205 .208 ........ .................. . . . . . . . . . . . 214 . 217 .222 . 224 .230 .236 ..................................... ............................................ . 232

7 .1 Important rules for spelling and punctuation 7.2 Irregular verbs 7.3 Verbs with direct case 7.4 Verbs with prepositional case 7.5 Adjectives with prepositional case 7.6 Noun-verb connections ................. ..............

7.7 Prepositions and sentence connections in adverbial indications 7.8 For teachers: grammar communicative and interactive 7.9 Index ...................... ........... .............................

Preface
The C-grammar is a practice grammar for learners at levels CI and C2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. It is suitable both as additional material to accompany the course and for individual work. The C-grammar provides an overview of all the important building blocks of German grammar. The focus is on grammatical structures and their use. In the explanations, particular attention was paid to a descriptive and clear presentation in order to support the understanding of complex grammatical structures. Each grammar topic is clearly structured into: An illustrated example to introduce the topic Explanation of usage Overviews of the grammatical forms Notes on the structures, special features and exceptions Numerous exercises on application. The exercises offered have different levels of difficulty. Exercises with a lower level of difficulty serve to clarify, repeat and consolidate the structures. The exercises with a high degree of difficulty include, above all, the reshaping of sentences and texts. It is their function to train the flexible use of different grammatical structures, to sensitize the feeling for language and to convey stylistic security. When choosing exercises, learners should orientate themselves towards their own needs and learning goals. The exercises are integrated into communicative and authentic contexts. The situations and topics relate to everyday and working life and convey vocabulary from both areas. When selecting the text, both formal and content-related criteria such as information and entertainment value were taken into account. All exercises in the C-grammar have closed forms, in which a self-control is possible with the enclosed answer key. The questions of how one can design communicative and interactive lessons with the exercise forms used and how free forms of exercise can be developed from closed exercises are dealt with in Appendix 8. This didactic part offers teachers ideas on how to use grammar creatively. In addition to the information for teachers, the appendix contains overviews of spelling and character setting, verbs, adjectives, noun-verb combinations as well as prepositions and sentence combinations in adverbial statements. Additional exercises on grammar topics are available on the Internet at www.oufgoben.schubert-verlag.de. Anne Buscha, Szilvia Szita and Susanne Raven

Verbs
Tempora: use

1 1.1

Verbs tenses
7/,////,-

T he F e r n s e h e r l u f t.

W o is t O tto? F r w i r d still in the ta u s te h e n.

Use Tense forms not only serve to describe processes and conditions in the present, past and future or to describe temporal processes, they can also take on modal or stylistic functions. The grammatical tense forms in German do not always correspond to the action time! Forms Action Time Tempus Prsen's Present Future I Prsen's Future I Example sentence The television is on. It will still be stuck in a traffic jam. We'll visit you on the weekend. C02 emissions will double by the year 2050. We will finish the project on time. We will have found a solution by tomorrow. We will have sent out all of the invitation cards by next Friday. I called you yesterday. He liked to work. She fell in love. linguistic actions report current, ongoing events express assumptions about a current event speak about a future event (often with a time) expected, future events or visions / prophecies describe an intention or a project express an intention, a presumption, Expressing a prophecy that is closed at a future point in time like Future II, but reporting and telling about past events with a little more certainty, especially orally reporting and telling about past events, especially in writing about events long in the past or in the past successive events report past events more dramatically make the content of literary texts again give assumptions about a past event express report about generally valid reports

Future future tense II

Perfect Perfect Prteritum Plusquam perfect (Histo rical) Prsens Futuril time-step independent Prsens

past

Suddenly he hears a noise. On this day the hero meets his old teacher. It will have been stuck in a traffic jam for so long. The distance from the earth to the moon is 365,000 km.

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens 1.1.1 Prsens

H e u te A b e n d k o c h t e r f r se in e & s te.

Usage We use the present to report and describe current events and conditions, to describe future events (often with a time), and to reproduce generally applicable, time-independent facts. We use the historical present to dramatize past events, to reproduce or retell literary texts, e.g. B. in essays, reviews, etc. Forms of verbs in -t / -d / -n / -m cook I you he / she / it we her she / she cook cooks cooks cooks cook work work work works work works work verbs m it vowel change give give give give gives give give be am is is are are have have has has has has had will will will will become will be separable verbs buy buy a buy a buy a buy a buy a buy a

> Page 208: Overview of irregular verbs Notes on separable verbs - Verbs that have a word as a prefix that can also stand alone are usually separable. The prefix is ​​usually a preposition or an adverb and is stressed. Pick up, start, get up, switch off, shop, watch TV, hold on, come here, go there, let go, join in, think, suggest, take away, move on, listen, come back, work together In a few cases, a noun can be the first part of a word: I'm sorry, participate to return home. Warning: Verbs derived from the following nouns cannot be separated. the breakfast - breakfast, the boredom - bored, the conjecture - * conjecture, the justification - justify, draw the conclusion, the competition - compete - verbs with the prefixes through-, behind-, over-, um-, under-, full -, re -, re - can be separable or not separable. Most of the verbs with the prefixes through-, um- and again- are separable, falling through, sleeping through, reading through (but: traverse, search -not separable) fall over, change, turn around, move (but: embrace, circle, surround cannot be separated) bring back, find again, come back (but: repeat -not separable) Most of the verbs with the prefixes behind-, over-, unter-, full- and against- are inseparable, leave behind, cheat, evade, question (but: swallow behind (regional ) separable) attack, survive, surprise, transfer (but: overflow, overcook - + separable) interrupt, entertain, distinguish, sign (but: accommodate - + separable) accomplish, complete, execute, execute (but: stuff yourself, fill up - separable) refute, revoke, contradict, resist (but: reflect - + separable)

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens
exercises
1) What can you combine with each other? Form short sentences in the present. the streak the snow the dollars the fire the woman the wind the horse the wasp something terrible
The knitting 3.

go out frighten falling blow tear happening drinking melting stinging


6.

1......... .................................................. 2.................................... ............................

4.

................ 5........................

7.

.............................. .

8.................................................

Z) Ms. Mller still has many jobs for the interns. Form questions in the 2nd person singular and in the 2nd person plural. Pay attention to the correct case in the prepositional information and the nouns. pick-up-guests-from, airport
H o ls t d u / Does y o u p l e l o u t the & s te from the f ight?

1. help - colleague - with, installing the new software 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. read through - report - and - correct - submit errors - carry documents - in, administration - folder ( PL) - in, Mrs. Schn's room - drive - to, baker - and - buy - think up a few sandwiches - surprise - fr, farewell to the caretaker - and - prepare - evaluate the farewell party - discuss dates - until the day after tomorrow - with, customer - Receive a quote - Guests - to, suggest airport - Applicants - new appointment

3) Our company philosophy What can be combined? Find the right verb. Formulate sentences in the 3rd person singular. Developing an open and healthy corporate culture in our company 1. Value on excellent quality 2. Existing limits and problems through innovation 3. With the best partners 4. Customer expectations 5. The product range on an ongoing basis 6. Commitments and deadlines 7. That in all areas Cost awareness 8. All employees professionally 9. Technological competence for younger generations
Our company maintains an open and healthy ope ration culture.

meet
adhere to promote maintain lay

Working together
pass on overcome improve

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens
* i) Cannibals in the brain Complete the verbs in the present. emerge sem nibble surprise hunger succeed stand find back come eat up you: gel eat promote do deliver change insert show begin refute cause

5) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Give a small part from Patrick Sskind's novel The Perfume "in the historical prsens. Put the given words and phrases in the correct case. Jean-Baptiste Grenouille - in, seven days - after, Grasse (place in France) - to travel
J e a n -H a p tis te & re n o uglich r e e in seven days to & ra sse.

Place - for decades - a production and trading metropolis for fragrances and perfumery goods - are considered to be in, Grasse - he - commercial activity - and - wealth of business people - notice when taking a walk - he - especially fine scent - catch Grenouille - scent - run after until - a garden - he - reach him - this scent - scent of the red-haired girl in Paris - find even finer than while - he - scent - absorb beautiful red-haired girl - with, green eyes in, garden - he see - take on - this fragrance - to preserve, capture and preservation of the fragrance - better knowledge - need - he in, a small perfume shop - work - ask for - he he - got a job - second journeyman - with Madame Arnulfi - than there - Grenouille - Learn different forms of scent extraction - with, cold or hot fat

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens
12. to, conservation of scents - he - carry out various experiments - on, stones, drinks and animals - 13. after, for a while - he - these objects - no longer enough 14. he - people - look for himself - for his experiments 15. All this - Grenouille - fulfillment of his great plan - serve to

6)

Verbs with the separable or non-separable prefixes through-, um- and again form clauses in the present. Most of the verbs with the prefixes: durch-, um- and re-are separable. Sleep through the prefix: the baby - at night - now
V as B a b y s c h l ft j e t z t night through.

a)

1.

search: the police - the suspect's home

2. read yourself through: the boss - my reports - always exactly 3. cross out: please - you - incorrect words 4. fail: Otto - at the test - definitely 5. get through: the streets are overcrowded, the ambulance - to the scene of the accident - do not cross 6th: a German - the desert b) the prefix um-

As a rule, the stressed prefix that can be separated has a literal meaning in the sense of through or from beginning to end. fall through - + separable The inseparable and unstressed prefix through- has a figurative or figurative meaning, to see through somebody -not separable Exceptions: Searching and crossing have literal meaning and are nevertheless not separable.

1. fall over: the unstable construction - easily 2. move: me - in September - to Berlin 3. hug: the winner - his girlfriend 4. remodel: Gustav - his house - for two months 5. surround: the curious - the accident car 6 kill: this heat - me - almost

The separable stressed prefix um- has the meaning of change. switch -separable The inseparable and unstressed prefix around- means around, circular movement, orbiting cannot be separated

c) The prefix again 1. repeat: Ludwig - the test 2. find again: Grandma - her glasses - not 3. come back: I - bring back 4. again: the neighbor - me - the borrowed knife 5. meet again: w a n n - w e ​​-? 6. reproduce: please - you - the content of the text Apart from the verb repeat, all verbs can be separated again with. The separable stressed prefix can mean back or again.

1 1.1

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens

___________

1) Verbs with the separable or non-separable prefixes behind-, over-, unter-, full- and against form sentences in the present. Most of the verbs with the prefixes: behind-, over-, under-, full and against- cannot be separated.
a)

The prefix behind it (regional): Uncle left: he - only evade debts: the tennis star - taxes in the millions -? ........ ............ swallow (regional): the patient - the large tablets - without problems, ............ "* _ ...... cheat: Michael - his wife -? question: Mathias - the new strategy of the management Karl - the food - always so p as separable accented prefix behind - is only used in the shortened meaning of down as a regional language variant . swallow -separable A || e other verbs mjthjntef_ cannot be separated. leave behind - cannot be separated

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6.

b) The prefix contains

1. transfer: please - you - the money - to my account 2. survive: how - one - in the Antarctic -? 3. attacked: the gangsters - a money transporter 4. surprise: I - Franz - with a special gift 5. overcook: the milk -! 6. Think about it: please - you - something new

As a rule, the separable stressed prefix has a literal meaning in the sense of relocating over the edge or the place of residence. overcooking -separable settle - + separable The inseparable and unstressed prefix ber- has a figurative or figurative meaning, survival cannot be separated

c)

The prefix under | n usually | has the separable stressed prefix subtle Rpdputuna in the sense of finding a place for someone / something. accomodate-separable ^ The inseparable and unstressed prefix unter- has a figurative .... _, or figurative meaning. entertain-not separable

1. interrupt: we - the session - for ten minutes 2. distinguish: the scientists - between bacteria that are dangerous to humans and those that are not

3. accommodate: w o - w ir - the guests -? . .. c. 4. sign: please - you - here u t u u * .. r you ii 5. talk: men - gladly - about football 6. teach: Mr. Lampe - history and geography

d)

The prefix full

1. accomplish: the helpers - great 2. fill up: please - you 3. complete: he - tomorrow - his 17th year of life 4. accomplish: the elephant - a small feat

The separable accented prefix full- means filled, covered and is mostly used colloquially, to eat fully -separable. The inseparable and unstressed prefix full- means finished, finished, finished -> not separable

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens
e) 1. 2. Disagree with the prefix: please - you - me - not always -! revoked: the suspect - his confession The separable emphasized prefix

1 .1

contradicts the literal meaning against or back. reflect -separable The inseparable and unstressed prefix reflect- has a figurative or figurative meaning. revoke inseparable

3. reflect: the balance sheet - the economic situation of the company 4. oppose: Martin - the instructions of the boss

8) Special features: some verbs can be separable or inseparable depending on their meaning. a) Verbs with um- and under read the sentences and assign the meaning. drive around: 1. Grandpa doesn't see well, but he still drives the car. Sometimes he just knocks around traffic signs. -------- 2. There is a construction site. The best way to avoid them is to avoid them: 1. He is very polite to the patient. 2. The fear is about. 3. Avoids a confrontation with the boss. encircle: 1. The hurricane rides around everything. what's in his way. 2. Please outline the project idea briefly. Rewrite: 1. You cannot hand in the text like this. Rewrite it. 2. If a word comes to your mind, rewrite it. move: 1. For this exercise we move the desks in the classroom. 2. After a long flight, the body adjusts slowly. 3. There is an attack. The police are currently surrounding the bank. assume: 1. It is pouring rain. Come on, we'll take shelter here. 2. The boss assumes that I am not interested in this project. entertain: 1. 2. 3. 4. The scientist enjoys talking to his colleague. The city currently has five museums. It's dripping. Please keep something under. The show will entertain the whole family. a) b) c) d) finance something under something / catching amusement having a conversation a) adapting b) forming a circle around something c) putting something in another place a) changing a text b) saying something in other words a) evade - b) bump into something while driving and throw it to the ground

a) spread b) avoid c) treat somebody in a certain way

a) summarize the essentials b) hit the ground running

a) accept / assert something b) place oneself under something

subject to: 1. The heater does not work properly. Put on a t-shirt. 2. Members of the sect voluntarily brainwash themselves. undermine: 1. You undermine my authority with your behavior! 2. Uncle Erwin carefully digs under the fertilizer with a spade, a) destroy it b) mix it with soil a) take something on himself b) pull something under it

Verbs
Tempora: Prsens
b) Verbs with through- and over-

Form sentences in the present. In which sentence is the verb separable, in which not? Also assign the meaning. break through: 1. the aircraft - the sound barrier
T he F lug zeu g d u rc h re p o rt the Sch a llm a u e r

a) divide something into two parts b) conquer an obstacle / limit

2. the karate fighter - the stone - penetrate in the middle: 1. the rain - through the clothing 2. the ideology - pass through all areas of social life: 1. suddenly - it - a terrible thought 2. we pass through without a break: 1. The product - different phases of production 2. The pipe is blocked, here - no more water can see through: 1. The view is great! You - once - here 2. You - your bank advisor -? Skip: 1. We - on a different topic 2. We send the proposal directly to the board of directors, we overturn the boss: 1. Otto - the probationary period - with certainty 2. The lid does not fit! he - step over one centimeter: 1. the security company - in some actions - the law 2. some young people in Germany - every year - translate to Islam: 1. Lito - all correspondence - in Greek 2. the ferry - because of the storm - today - do not overdraw: 1. Wait! I - quickly - my coat 2. Max - every month - his account

a) getting through something b) taking possession

a) drive without interruption b) become aware, feel

a) penetrate through an opening b) manage sections / parts of a development

a) seeing through something b) recognizing the true character / intention of a person / an act a) starting something new b) disregarding someone

a) protrude beyond something b) get something difficult behind you, master it

a) convert b) violate a law / regulation

a) drive to the other bank b) translate something into another language

a) put on something (a piece of clothing) b) take up too much of something

Verbs
Temporal: Perfect 1.1.2 Perfect

1 .1

M a x h a t e d i u tio n g e w e rs.

* Paul is w a n d e r t.

O t t o h a t e b o u t a n d e in e n t e r m in v e r e in b a r t.

Usage - We use the perfect tense as a narrative tense in spoken language for past events, as a narrative tense in everyday written language, e.g. B. in e-mails, informal reports etc., often in combination with the prteritum. Forms regular verbs wander I you he / she / it we you she / she am are is are are are have hat has hat have have irregular verbs write has has has has has mixed verbs verbs with separable prefix shopping call has has has bought has called got agreed verbs with an inseparable prefix got agreed got got agreed

think

hiked

written

thought

> Page 208: Overview of irregular verbs Notes on the formation of the perfect tense with haben or sein - haben transitive verbs (= verbs that can contain an accusative object) I built a house. reflexive verbs Did you enjoy the flowers? Modal verbs (> page 29) Unfortunately he couldn't come. impersonal verbs It rained. intransitive verbs with dative and prepositional additions Karl congratulated me on my birthday. intransitive verbs that indicate a state or process with no time limit Did you sleep well? his intransitive verbs of locomotion Otto flew to Beijing, intransitive verbs of state change Suddenly he fell asleep. Event Verbs What happened? be, stay and become

1
i.i

Verbs
Tempora: perfect

exercises
/) Paul made a lot of mistakes. Formulate sentences in the perfect tense as in the example. # Mrs. Krauses flowers - no fresh water - give now - they - wither
P a u l a t F ra u K ra u se s B lu m e n no fresh water, they are now w e lk t

1. The fruit - don't eat it now - it - spoil 2. Mrs. Kmmels Vogel - don't feed now - the bird - starve 3. Grandpa's garden - don't care for it now - he - go wild 4. Aunt Jutta's plants - don't water now - she - dry up 5. his apartment - don't clean it now - it - dirty 6. the door to the freezer - don't close properly now - all the food - thaw 7. old love letters - into the fire - throw them now - they - burn 8. at the university - did not register in time now - his place of study - taken

Z) To have or to be? Transitive or intransitive? Add the appropriate verbs in the perfect tense. enter, flee, climb, climb, grow up, hang, melt, heal, sick; rusting driving starting driving down breaking # When are you awake early today?

1. Due to the unusually high temperatures the snow very quickly 2. Why you from the autobahn.? 3. The guests of honor the hall first 4. The organizer brings the most important works of art to the back rooms 5. During transport. 30 jars 6. Because of the immediate treatment the wound quickly 7. In which direction the burglar 8. The politician in poor circumstances 9. What the animal? 10. The total bumpers in my car 11. A group of young people on Mount Everest 12. They climbed the mountain for the first time 13. The plane on time 14. The racing driver rehearsed the new car 3) Make perfect sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. the commissioner - the suspect's testimony doubt the victim-despair the court - the verdict - in the case of corruption around the football-W M -file the verdict - against the functionaries - yesterday - fall the Bundesbank - the key interest rate - lower the key interest rate - sink the money from grandpa's legacy-disappear Aunt Anna -es -on cruises-waste
V e r K o m m is s a r h a t the statement of the v e r a ct e n g e w e if l

Verbs
Tempora: perfect
H) Choir with dog in space Report about the flight Sputnik 9 "in the perfect tense. Pay attention to the correct case in the prepositional information.

One month - before - Yuri Gagarin - 1961 - was the first person - to fly into space, the Soviet Union - with, test flight Sputnik 9 "- test the space capsule
One month before J uri G agarin was the first man to fly into the world in 1961, the S ow je tu nio nm w ith the v ro be fl ow S pu tn ik 9 " ltra encapsulated test

1.

as test objects - the Soviet engineers - an illustrious group of passengers - choose: a dog, several reptiles, a few dozen muses and a guinea pig

2.

up, cosmonaut seat - they - a lifelike doll with the name Ivan Ivanovich - put them - dress them with a spacesuit

3.

also - of a communication system - the scientists - think: Inside the cardboard cosmonaut - they - install - a tape recorder - with, choral music

4. 5. 6.

During "Sputnik 9" - once - the earth - circle the ground control - the music - receive the capsule - after one and a half hours - back in, atmosphere - enter shortly before, landing - a mechanism - the doll and music - according to plan - with , Ejector seat - catapult out

7. 8. 9.

Ivan Ivanovich - on the parachute - gently - land the dog and the rest of the passengers - the impact of the capsule - also survive unscathed, however - the animals - probably the last phase of the flight - without music - feel less harmonious

5)

Annual financial statements in the company Report on the annual meeting of employees. Form clauses in the perfect tense.
T h e c h e w ith a m ita r b e rv e rs a m lu n g on th e T hem a annual financial statements.

the boss - a staff meeting - on the subject of the annual financial statements - convened 1. all employees - take part in the meeting 2. the boss - the sales figures - positively - highlight

3. the development department-ten new patents-submit ........................................ .................................................. however - also - two older patents - withdraw 4. the management - the employees - are involved in the decision-making processes 5. some customers - the quality of the goods - complain 6. therefore - external quality auditors - the goods - assess 7. thereby - the auditors - find that - the production department - neglect quality assurance and - too much scrap - get into sales 8. the employees - complain about the high workload 9. all those present - agree to look for a solution ....... .................................................. ......... ................... ...................... ............... ................ ................... ................ ........................ .......... .................................................. .................... .............................. ............ ...................................... ............ .................................................. ....

Verbs
Tempora: perfect
6) Replace the regular verbs with the appropriate irregular verbs in the perfect tense and make any necessary transformations.

forget happen decide rewrite postpone discuss accommodate transfer complete # What happened in the office last week?
What happened in the office last week?

1. We have agreed to extend the contract by one year. 2. Ms. Mller did not remember the appointment with the Krause company. 3. We have billeted the guests in the Hotel Sonnenschein. 4. The boss has rescheduled the meeting to Thursday. 5. The IT department finished the installation yesterday. 6. Martin has paid the outstanding invoice amounts. 7. Otto has changed the project report again. 8. Some employees have discussed planning for the next year.

7) 1.

Separable or not separable? Add the appropriate verbs in the perfect tense. Leave R Leave Failure - Leave a) Mr. Mller wasn't there. I left him a message . b) Frau Krause is very unhappy. Her husband she we c) All attempts have failed. Another attempt d) Martin's bike is gone, so I gave him my old bike to play tennis

2.

break break break break break

a) It was pouring rain. The referee for 30 minutes

b) Christine no longer has any contact with her ex-husband. You contact. ... ...... c) Where is that beautiful old vase? - You ... ...... do it d) Drive through the armored vehicle 3. Drive through drive over drive drive around a) Who caused the accident c) When ... ....

me at Sauber yesterday

the barrier the red light

b) The train did not stop in Kleinpsna. He the bus .......................... 1 him d) The place was closed because of high water. We

4.

go over (2x) go up; bypass

a) It is already light.The sun

especially the colleagues to one

b) When the boss entered the office, ........ Another topic of conversation ...........................

c) The hotel employees. .. very professional with the complaints of the guests .......... d) Mr. Schimmel is very angry. You see him in the promotion

Verbs
Tempora: perfect
5.; sign write write over write prescribe a) Max got a six for the class test. E r. Neighbors ........... b) The prices are incorrect. Ms. Mller c) Susanne and Martin are now proud home owners. You wore yesterday ... d) Karl didn't pay anything for his house. His grandfather got the sale of his

view overlook

a) I ................ haven't found one yet after reading a good textbook. b) ....... you already watch the new film with Fritz Frhlich

, but .?

c) Why ................ you dont .......................... ... that your behavior was wrong? d) The typo ... I unfortunately ... ... their me territories of the neighbor the contract

7 .

translate, occupy, enforce, move

a) The union's application has failed. The union interests not b) Otto did not come to our appointment. He c) The border conflict has escalated. The army of the country .......... d) The English version is ready. Ortrud

8.

pass through stand up stand up

a) i. . . yesterday at the box office I had the tickets really long. b) When .. yesterday? you this morning ..? Even earlier than

, to

c) Have you checked the notices to see if you have passed the exam? d) My girlfriend is doing better now. You brave a difficult time

9.

work in work through work through process

a) The company presentation was not okay. Andreas times ............ b) The new employee quickly becomes familiar with his area of ​​expertise

they still

c) The actress looks much younger in the photo. Probably the photographer it d) Georg has exam tomorrow. In preparation he used many specialist books

10. to move to move to move to move (2x)

a) The lecture lasted forever. The speaker b) When it started to rain

its time around 20 minutes

I get a raincoat before three

c) Nobody lives in the house anymore. The last tenant months d) Before Ingrid was finally finished, ......

them about five times

Verbs
Tempora: Prteritum 1.1.3 Prteritum

P e r K n s t le r m a lte e in picture.

T he M in i s t e r i n te r v ie w.

E-in D ie b b ra c h ins M u s e u m a.

Usage - We use the prteritum as a narrative tense in the written language, e.g. B. in literary texts, historical documentation, résumés, reports and reports in the media, instead of the perfect tense in the auxiliary verbs (raised, to be and become) and in the modal verbs. Page 29: Tenses of the modal verbs Forms of regular verbs I paint you he / she / it we her she / she painted painted painted painted painted painted painted irregular verbs give gave gave gave gave gave gave gave mixed verbs think thought thought thought thought thought thought thought was was was was were waited were have had had had had had had had will was was was was were were were were were were were were were separable verbs break in broke in a break in break in a break in a break in a break in

> Page 208: Overview of irregular verbs Forms of verbs that can form different past tenses Verb move Past tenses a) moved / has moved b) moved / has moved a) created / has created synonyms cause the place / change the situation emotionally grab / stir something bring out / shape in fixed phrases with nouns such as remedy / clarity / order / space achieve something / bring something about bring (remove) something sharpen / smooth the ground / touch a surface drag something across the ground something / someone send a broadcast on the radio / television determine the weight / be heavy rocking (a baby in your arms) crushing (herbs)

create

b) did / did grind a) grind / has grinded b) grind / has grinded a) sent / has sent or sent / has sent b) sent / has sent a) weighed / weighed b) weighed / weighed

send

to weigh

Verbs
Tempora: Prteritum
Verb to turn past tense a) turned / has turned or turned / has turned synonyms to turn to sb .: ask sb. Apply something: use something practical / implement avert (an accident): prevent something turning away from sb .: oneself (inwardly) remove from so. spend: invest object: turn an objection upside down: turn to another side / turn around use: use something / use change direction (turn around by car) steal

b)

turned / has stolen / has stolen

Verb hang

Past tenses a) hung / hung b) hung / hung a) was frightened / is frightened b) was frightened / was frightened

grammatical paraphrase Description of a state (The picture was hanging on the wall.) Description of a process (He hung the picture on the wall.) Intransitive (A spider crawled on the table. I was frightened.) Transitive (Its appearance frightened me.)

frighten

exercises
1) Replace the underlined verbs with verbs with synonymous meaning in the prteritum and make any necessary changes. send hang (2x) steal frighten weigh (2x) use loops apply move (2x); contact # Paul sent her a postcard from New York.
Paul sent her a post card from New York.

1 . Petra's coat was in the cloakroom. 2. The death of the famous actor touched many people. 3. There was a loud bang in the next room and Kathrin winced. 4. The cook sharpened his knives, then he chopped up the herbs for the soup. 5. Bold thieves broke into the museum. They stole a Picasso. 6. Many television companies broadcast special reports on the earthquake in Italy. 7. The architect only used the light wood of the wide area for the interior design. 8. He pulled the heavy box over the valuable parquet. 9. What made the politician resign? 10. Oskar sought help from an expert. 11. First, the nurse determined the weight of the newborn. 12. The scientists used an entirely new method.

1 verbs 1 .1 tenses: prteritum


Z) If looks could kill Add the verbs in the prteritum in the following newspaper report.

(C.

________ _

choose understand give his argue speak make (2x) view (2x) reimburse find have come adjust intimidate

You shouldn't mess with the police * - even if the policeman has four legs. This experience made (0) a while ago an American woman who looked unfriendly to the police dog Max during a mission in Chelsea (USA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (1) and him grim m ig .... ................... (2). But if the dog (3) they are the wrong (3) - or the wrong gentleman .............. (5) the accused (6) ", (8) they poor

........ (9) to fulfill his official duties "That is a very astonishing achievement, if you consider that the animal sucker" 2.18 per thousand alcohol in the blood .......... ................ (10). Their defense lawyer .......................... (11) now that staring at police dogs is covered by the fundamental right of freedom of speech. At this conclusion ....... the proceedings after almost one year ........ ..... (12) also investigative work (14) f the public prosecutor who initiated the proceedings against the alleged (13) . For the E in s te llu n g ^ - ^ r \ T Y V 'L

chen, because dog handler, Sergeant Todd Protzman, ...................... (4) no fun. E r complaints and animal cruelty.