What is a glomus tumor under the fingernail

When is a fingernail or toenail removed?

The removal of a fingernail or toenail is always necessary if it represents a health hazard or source of pain that cannot be remedied with conservative (simple) treatment methods. Mechanically destroyed nail plates are just as much a part of this as nails damaged by fungal attack and anatomical malformations.

The diagnosis and treatment of serious diseases that are not directly related to the nail can also make it necessary to remove a toenail or fingernail. For example, if there is a focus of inflammation under the nail plate that needs treatment, removal of the nail is essential. This also applies if a tumor is suspected. In these cases, only rapid intervention guarantees the avoidance of further damage to the health of the person concerned.

Nail disease as a reason for nail removal

One of the reasons for nail removal can be the ingrowth of a nail in the area of ​​the nail fold. The nail arches inwards and cuts into the surrounding tissue. The consequences can be inflammation and the proliferation of wild meat. This can be very painful, especially in the area of ​​the toes, and severely restrict the ability to move.

Another reason for nail removal can be a crushing of a nail. The nail plate is deformed or torn by external influences.

A creeping, albeit no less unpleasant cause for the necessary removal of a nail can be an infestation with a nail fungus in an advanced stage. If a nail fungus is detected at an early stage of its spread, it can usually be combated successfully. Long-term therapy with the help of ointments, baths or nail polish is carried out for this purpose. However, if the infestation is already advanced and the nail bed or the nail root may also be affected, nail removal is unavoidable.

Indirect causes for nail removal

Even if the nail itself is not affected by any disease, it may still be necessary to remove it. A possible reason for the removal of a normally healthy nail is the penetration of a foreign body under the nail plate. To remove it, it is usually necessary to remove the nail.

The formation of pustules or other sources of inflammation under or in the immediate vicinity of the nail can also make it necessary to remove it.

Unfortunately, the growth of tumors does not stop at the nail bed either. Especially the area under the fingernails can be infiltrated. One representative that primarily affects the hand and here again the area under the fingernails is the glomus tumor. It is benign, can appear very inconspicuous on the surface and is sometimes not recognized for years. Indications for the presence of a glomus tumor under a nail are sensitivity to pain, sensitivity to cold and a pronounced sensitivity to pressure. If these symptoms occur, especially in connection with discoloration and growth disorders of the nail, the possibility of a tumor should be clarified by a doctor. Other types of tumors can also be found under the fingernail or toenail.