What are you doing in Spanish slang

German mannerisms and cultural traits and military etiquette

Creative Energy - On a large scale, the Germans have always been great builders and inventors. On a
smaller scale, individual Germans are some of the hardest working people on the planet. GIs who
occupied German positions were amazed to find some bunkers with screen doors, carpets and

Thoroughness - The Germans have a saying: "If already, because already", meaning 'if it's worth doing,
it's worth over-doing '. They are masters of the organization and give great attention to detail.

Orderliness - The Germans have 2 more sayings: "Order must be", meaning 'there must be
order 'and "Everything in order", meaning' everything has a place, and everything is in it's place '. They are
neat and everything must go by the rules. Punctuality is another by-product; woe to the person who is
late for a meeting. 5 to 15 minutes early for meetings and formations is expected.

Sincerity - Germans pride themselves in their honor; they generally do what they say they will do.

Firmness - More tangible terms might be 'persistence' or 'single-mindedness'.

Loyalty - Loyalty to his organization, family, country and comrades is one of the things that makes the
German a very good citizen and soldier.

Songs - Germans like group singing and have songs on just about every subject under the sun.
German soldiers sang not just march songs but hiking and folk songs about nature, comrades,
country, food, alcohol and women. To Americans this kind of and amount of singing seems overly
sentimental or corny. In the German army of WW 2 a lack of singing indicated poor morale.

Health and nature - Germans are great fans of health and nature. They walk every day, take care on
what and how much they eat. They surround themselves with flowers and trees are almost holy.
Germans take health vacations for fresh air and sunshine.

Table manners - Germans hold their forks upside down in the left hand, and knife in the right hand. A.
piece of bread is held in the left hand and break off pieces with the right hand. Both hands must remain
above the table at all times.

Politeness and social rules - German society was and is very formal in speech and interaction.
Germans place great importance on introductions, greetings and standing when a woman enters the
room. Upon leaving and entering a room you shake everyone's hand. This handshake is the
one-pump, not limp, not too strong handshake. German soldiers would include a very slight bow. It has
off to ladies out of doors (you never wear a hat indoors, except if you are carrying a weapon). In
greetings and introductions you always include the person's title (s) - examples: Herr Doktor Braun,
Reich Minister Speer, Lieutenant Doctor Klein, SS Untersturmfuehrer Schmidt, Ms. Keller,
Miss Professor Albrecht.

Military discipline - The German army was at the top of the ladder in the social order and it was deemed
the highest honor to be a soldier. Respect for leaders was shown at all times; leaders took care of their
men and made sure they were well trained. Standing at attention and saluting when an officer comes
near is expected. Regular military salutes were used mostly, but the straight-arm Nazi salute was used
sometimes, along with the '' halt "style salute which was a comrade greeting. Never
stand around with your hands in your pockets and look lazy. Stand up proudly and in a military manner.
Speak clearly and simply to an officer or sergeant, not using hand gestures. In class you sit up straight
with hands folded on the table. Waffen SS rooms and personal items were not locked up because
comrades were to be trusted and stealing was a very bad offense.

Professionalism - German soldiers take great pride in everything they do, and do it thoroughly, with
enthusiasm. Every soldier was trained to take over the next highest rank and use their initiative when
needed. The goal or objective was given to the leader, and the leader devised his own plan to make it
happen - with the least amount of casualties. No leader was expected to try to take an objective that
could not reasonably be taken with the resources at hand. The German army did not expect to stupidly
lose men and equipment when so much time and effort was given to create it. Leaders were expected
to speak up when they had questions or concerns about their men or mission. German soldiers were
trained to be highly proficient in every part of their jobs, so each tool and job came naturally and could
be done confidently.

Differences from Americans - German soldiers hold their rifles cupped in one hand when running, not
in both hands like GIs. The wedding ring is on the right hand.

German commands and language


Fall in at attention
Stand in case of not at attention
Unlock case in not at attention and
dress right
Straighten yourselves dress right (already in formation)
Stand still! (or Stand!) stand to attention!
Count off count off
Eyes right eyes left eyes right eyes left
Augen vor eyes front
Attention I want your attention
Left by right by left face right face
About face (counter-clockwise)
Stir at ease (in formation)
Stand command at ease (when not in formation)
The rifle over left shoulder arms
Rifle from order arms
Presents the rifle present arms
The rifle encircles sling arms
Rifle remove unsling arms
Puts the rifle together stack arms
Rifle in hand take arms from the stack
Sidearm plants on fix bayonets
Sidearm on the spot un-fix bayonets
Carry on as you were / carry on
Obediently report I wish to report

Moving in formation

Forward march forward march
Right turn march column right march
Left swiveling march column left march
Half right march column half right march
Half left march column half left march
In row marsch in combat column march
Half a step marsch helped step march
One, two, three, four one, two (military 2), three, four
At a run marsch, marsch double time march (trot kind of
Without step march route step march (out of step)
Group stop, squad stop
Stepping away fall out of formation (about face,
take 3 paces)

Battle commands

Load and secure load and put weapon on safe (lock)
Fire (or shoot)
Fire at will fire at will
Tiefflieger (or flier) combat plane
Battle line make a battle line
Make a battle circle
Just go straight ahead
Go left go right go left go right
Slow go slow
Silence be silent
Be quiet
Wait wait
Stay stay
Lie down lay down / get down
Cover take cover
Pull apart, spread out
Dig in
Get up get up / stand up
Run run
Fast hurry
Go go
Now now
Back move back
Attack attack
Counterattack counterattack
Get into vehicle
Get out of vehicle
Be careful
Danger danger
To order as you have ordered
Yes, yes, affirmative
No no
Maybe perhaps
Possibly maybe
I don't know. I don't know
Everything is in order
Everything is ready
Everything is finished
Observe observe
Enlighten them do a recon
Sniper sniper
Hands up, hands up
Watch out
Stop who there? stop, who goes there?
north south east west north south east west
Come in come in
Get out
Together together
early early
late late
later later
Prisoner prisoner
Surrender more buzzing
dead dead
wounded wounded
gonna die dying
Information information
Front line (or Front) front line
Hinterland rear areas

Man-made things on the battlefield

MG nests machine gun nest
Bunker bunker / pillbox
City city
Burg (or Dorf) village / town
Window window
Door door
Wall wall
Barracks (or Kaserne) barracks
Street road
Bridge bridge
Construction Construction building buildings
Airport airport
Farmers farm / barn
School school
Church church
House house
Military hospitals
Post office post office
Train station train station
Fortress fortress
Chateau castle
Camp military camp
Railroad railroad tracks

Natural terrain

Forest forest
Tree trees tree trees
Berg hill / mountain
River river
Wasserfall waterfall
Sea ocean
See sea or lake
Coast sea coast


Steel helmet
Feldmuetze field cap
Eye glasses (or service glasses) regular eye glasses
Skirt (or field blouse) tunic
Shirt shirt
Field pants
Underpants underpants
Canteen canteen
Camouflage smock camouflage jacket
Coat overcoat
Gloves gloves
Head protector / toque
Mesh gaiters
Marching boots jackboots
Boots boots

For more uniforms click on the button 'How to fill out a Soldbuch'


Auto car
Wagen vehicle or truck
Panzer (or Panzerkampfwagen) tank
Tank destroyer destroyer
Storm protection assault gun
Kubelwagen jeep
Floating car amphibious jeep
Motorcycle protection
Armored personnel carrier half track
Kettenkrad half track motorcycle
Goulash can (slang) cook wagon
Zug (or Bahn) train
Airplane airplane
Boat boat


Dog tags ID disk
Belt buckle
Bread bag bread bag
Tent sheet poncho / shelter quarter tent
Tent stakes
Spade straight shovel
Spatentraeger (or Spatentasche) straight shovel carrier
Bulwark folding shovel
Schanzzeugtraeger (or folding shovel carrier
Bulwark pocket)
Ammunition pouches
Side rifle bag bayonet carrier
Map map
Leather map case
Marching compass march compass
Binoculars binoculars
Radio radio
Light light (illumination)
slightly light (weight)
heavy heavy (weight)
Flag flag
Glass glass
Cup cup
Drinking cup) canteen cup
Fork fork
Knife eating knife
Laufel spoon
Plate plate
Shoe polish
Knapsack back pack
Mess tin cookware
Gas mask gas mask
Carrying bracket for gas mask canister
Mask goggles eye glasses for gas mask
Pencil pencil
Feather pen
Paper paper
Coupling support frame Y-straps
Leather straps
Blanket blanket
Combat pack assault pack
Field bag lamp flashlight
Individual stove
Sewing kit
Fettdose lard / butter dish
Shave razor
Razor blades

For more equipment click on the button 'How to fill out a Soldbuch'


Cartridges ammunition
Petrol gasoline / fuel
Oil oil
Water water
Beer beer
Wine wine
Coffee coffee
Tea tea
Eating food
Lunch lunch
Dinner dinner
Sausage sausage
Cheese cheese
Meat meat
Egg eggs egg eggs
Potatoes potatoes
Onion onions
Bread bread
Soup soup
Chocolate chocolate
Fish fish
Leather leather
Money money
Soap soap
Bad bath


Group squad
Train platoon
Battalion battalion
Detachment department
Regiment regiment
Division division
Corps corps
Army army (group of corps)
Army group army group
Heer army (entire army)
Wehrmacht armed forces (army, navy, air
Luftwaffe air force
Kriegsmarine navy
Headquarters headquarters
Infantry infantry
Parachute hunter paratroops
Panzer armor
Artillery artillery
Panzerjaeger anti-tank
Flak anti-aircraft
Pioneere engineers
Training troops trainers
Replacement troops replacements
Unit unit


Rifle rifle
Assault rifle assault rifle
Carbine carbine
Side gun bayonet
Weapons weapon
Morser mortar
Machine gun
Machinenpistole machine pistol / sub machine gun
Pistol pistol
Flamethrower flame thrower
Hand grenades hand grenade
Bombs bombs
Mines mines
Cannon cannon
Panzerjaeger cannons anti-tank gun
Panzerfaust anti-tank rocket
Panzerschreck bazooka
Open pipe (slang) bazooka (stove pipe - slang)


Weather weather
Day day
Night night
Minutes minutes
Hour hour
cold cold
cool cool
hot hot
warm warm
Clouds clouds
Sun sun
Sunshine sunshine
Winds wind
Raining rain
Snow snow
Fog smoke or fog

Countries and places

Russia Russia
Moskva Moscow
France France
Nederland Holland
Belgium Belgium
Engelland Great Britain
Italy Italy
Poland Poland
Denmark Denmark
Rhine Rhine river
Hungary Hungary
Griekenland Greece
Africa Africa
Ostmark (or Oesterreich) Austria
America America
Vienna Vienna
Danube Danube river
East Prussia East Prussia
Schwarzwald Black Forest
Boemerwald Bohemian Forest
Bavaria Bavaria


Leader leader
Commander commander
Officer officer
Soldier soldier
Comrade comrade
Friend friend
Doctor doctor
Doctor professor
Nurse nurse
Sani medic
Police police
Feldgendarmes military police
The Spiess company first sergeant (the
Protect rifleman
Grenadier motorized rifleman
Aviator pilot
Tailor tailor
Mrs. wife or married woman
A un-married woman
Maedel (or Maedchen) young woman
Young young man
People folk
People people
Man man / husband
Men men
Jawohl Johann yes man
old hare veteran
Asshole asshole
stupid shit dumb shit
Air gangster parachute gangster (American
Amis (slang) Americans
Ivan (slang) Russians
Musicians musicians
Mayor mayor


Good day, good day / hello
What's happening? What's happening / how are you?
Are you sick? Are you sick?
Are you hungry? Are you hungry?
Are you thirsty? Are you thirsty?
Sing me a song. Sing me a song
naturally naturally
always always
never never
something some
I have no time
What's the time? What time (hour) is it?
Do you have fire? Do you have a light (match)?
Are you mad? Are you tired?
Are you tired? Are you angry?
What do you think? What do you think?
Where are you going Where are you going?
Do you play cards? Do you plan cards?
Do you read the newspaper? Are you reading the newspaper?
What do you do? What are you doing?
What do you want? What do you want?
Do you want a drink? Do you want a drink?
I am cold
It's hot. It is hot
It is raining
It is snowing
It is on fire / burning
Do you sleep well sleep well
Guten Appetite, good appetite
That tastes good? Does it taste good?
When are you coming back? When are you coming back?
Do you want to go to the cinema? Do you want to go to the film
Do you hear the music? Do you hear the music?
Do you want to dance? Do you want to dance?
What song do you want to hear Which song do you want to hear?
Drive there Drive there
Now it's getting started
The war is over
Good bye / See you again
See you later
See you soon
Greet God Go with God / Greet God
My honor is loyalty (SS motto)
One empire, one people, one
Deutschland ueber Alles Put Germany above everything in
your life (not Germany conquers everything)
Alles fuer Deutschland Do everything for Germany
Long live Germany. Long live Germany
Gott mit uns God is with us (German army
Happy birthday
Merry Christmas Merry Christmas
Happy New Year Happy New Year


white white
black Black
red red
blue blue
brown brown
green green
rose pink
yellow yellow
silver silver
money gold

Numbers, time, day, month, year

zero zero

one, two, three, four, five, sixth, seven, eight, nine, ten


eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen,
nineteen, twenty

11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, one hundred

30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100

thousand, million, billion

thousand, million, billion

1,300 RM 1,300 Reichsmarks
1.3 KM 1.3 kilometers
one and three 31 (1 and 30)
seven hundred 700
three hundred hour 300 hours (3 a.m.)
fourteen hundred thirty hours 1430 hours (2:30 p.m.)
Tomorrow morning or tomorrow
Noon noon
Nacht (or Abend) night / evening
Afternoon afternoon
Today today
Tonight tonight
Yesterday yesterday

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October,
November December

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October,
November, December

Year year
9.1.99 9 January 1999

Spring, summer, autumn, winter spring, summer, fall, winter
Carnival Mardi Gras
Ash Wednesday Ash Wednesday
Easter day Easter
May Day May Day (May 1 - Labor day)
Oktoberfest Octoberfest (late Sep-early Oct)
Christmas Christmas
New Year New Year

Remember that the German '7' has a horizontal line through the
middle Remember that the German '1' looks like our '7'
Remember that all German nouns start with a capital letter

Remember German pronunciation:

A sounds like our short O as in BOTHER
AI sounds like our long I as in FINE
AU sounds like OW as in HOW
AY sounds like our long I as in FINE
CH sound is at the back of the throat like you are clearing your
throat or going to spit (not like our SH or K sounds)
D at the end of a word sounds like our T
E sounds like our long A as in GRAIN
EE sounds like our long A as in GRAIN
EI sounds like our long I as in FINE
EU sounds like OY as in BOY
EY sounds like our long I as in FINE
G sounds like the G as in GREEN (never like the G as in GEORGE)
I sounds like our long E as in GREEN
IE sounds like our long E as in GREEN
J sounds like our Y as in YES
O sounds like our long O as in VOTE
OH sounds like our long O as in VOTE
OI sounds like OY as in BOY
OO sounds like our long O as in VOTE
U sounds like our long U as in USE (never like our short U as in
S sounds like our Z when followed by a vowel
S sounds like our S at the end of a word
SP sounds like our SHP put together when at the beginning of a
word and
sounds like our SP when NOT at the beginning of a word
ST sounds like our SHT put together when at the beginning of a
word and
sounds like our ST when NOT at the beginning of a word
SPR sounds like our SHPR put together when at the beginning of