How to kill sand burrs in the lawn
Sowing the lawn: This is how it's done
If you want to create a new lawn, you have the choice between sowing lawn seeds and laying finished turf. Sowing the lawn is physically much less strenuous and also significantly cheaper - however, the newly sown lawn often needs three months before it can be used properly and fully loaded. The prerequisite for a successfully sown lawn is loose, leveled soil that must be free of stones and weeds. Good lawn seeds for an area of 100 square meters can cost around 30 to 40 euros, depending on the provider.
High-quality lawn seed mixtures germinate and grow more slowly than cheap mixtures, but form a denser sward. In addition, quality seeds require fewer lawn seeds per square meter, which puts the higher price into perspective. Incidentally, you should not store lawn seeds for too long: some types of grass such as red fescue have a bad germination rate after just one year. Since the manufacturers adjust the mixing ratio of the different grasses exactly to the requirements, the changed composition usually results in a poorer quality lawn.
It is best to sow the lawn in April or May, alternatively in August or September. Loosen the soil and work sand into loamy soil. Level the earth with a wide rake, roll once and remove any remaining bumps. Use a spreader to sow the lawn seeds and rake them flat. Roll the seeds and apply a thin layer of turf soil to heavy soils. Keep the area evenly moist with a lawn sprinkler for six weeks.
Listen now: tips and tricks for all aspects of lawn care
How do you sow lawn yourself? And are there advantages or disadvantages compared to turf? In this episode of our "Grünstadtmenschen" podcast, Nicole Edler and Christian Lang will tell you how to create a new lawn and give you helpful tips to transform the area into a lush green carpet. Have a listen right now!
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When is the right time to sow lawn?
Basically you can sow a lawn all year round because the seeds are hardy. Nevertheless, it is important that the soil temperature does not fall below a certain level during germination. The seeds germinate very slowly below ten degrees Celsius. The young plants are then correspondingly more susceptible to drought damage because they need much more time to root. You will achieve the best results in the months of April and May, depending on the weather. From June the temperatures are often very high and the young grass seedlings have a correspondingly high water requirement. If you can ensure this through regular and sufficient watering, freshly sown lawn seeds will also emerge without problems in the summer months and grow very quickly. A more favorable ratio of temperature and precipitation is usually again in late summer and autumn - from around the end of August to the end of September. Therefore, these two months are also recommended for sowing the lawn.
Step by step: sow the lawn
Whether sowing the lawn or rolling lawn: the area should definitely be weed-free. In order to achieve this, the soil has to be worked through well. This can of course be done with a spade, but it is very tedious. A tiller, which can also be borrowed by the day from specialist motor equipment dealers, does a good job here.
You should then carefully collect pieces of root and larger stones. If the soil in your garden is very hard and loamy, you should spread a layer of construction sand at least ten centimeters high (1 cubic meter per 10 meters) on the surface before chopping. The effort is worth it, because lawn grasses grow much better in loose soil and the lawn is not so susceptible to moss and weeds later.
Before you can sow new lawn, the area must be straightened after tilling it. A wide wooden rake is the ideal tool for leveling the ground and creating a so-called subgrade. Proceed very carefully here: unevenness will result in water later collecting in the depressions.
After the first rough leveling, push the lawn roller once over the future lawn area. Since such a device is seldom needed, it is usually not worth buying - but you can borrow it like a motor hoe at the hardware store. After rolling, you can clearly see the remaining hills and dents in the subgrade. You will now be balanced again with the wooden rake. Now the soil is optimally prepared for sowing the lawn. Before you start sowing the lawn, however, you should let the soil rest for a while so that it can settle. A week of rest is ideal.
Weigh the seeds according to the manufacturer's recommendation for the intended lawn area, fill them into a sowing tub or bucket and spread them evenly with a gentle swing. It should be as calm as possible so that the seeds do not blow away. If you have no practice in this, you can first practice sowing with fine sand to get a feel for it. You can achieve a particularly even result with a spreader that can also be used to fertilize the lawn.
With the wooden rake, you then rake the freshly sown lawn seeds into the ground lengthways and crossways so that they have good contact with the ground after rolling, are better protected from drying out and germinate reliably.
After sowing, the future lawn area is rolled again into longitudinal and transverse strips so that the grass seeds have a good, so-called soil connection. If the soil is very loamy and tends to become encrusted when it is dry, you should also apply a layer of lawn soil or fine crumbly potting soil as a cover, no more than 0.5 centimeters high. However, it is not rolled again.
After sowing and rolling the lawn, connect a swivel sprinkler and adjust it so that it covers the entire lawn. In the following days, if the weather is dry, it will rain briefly about four times a day, each for about ten minutes. This is particularly important because lawn grasses are most sensitive to drought during and shortly after germination.
Care instructions after sowing
Depending on the temperature and the seeds, the germination time is one to three weeks. The most important care during this time is extensive watering. As soon as the first soft green becomes visible, the time has come to extend the watering intervals. If it is dry, only water once every 24 to 48 hours and increase the watering at the same time. About 10 to 20 liters per square meter are required for each watering, depending on the type of soil. You should tend to water sandy soils more often and less intensively. In loamy soils, watering is sufficient every two to three days, but then 20 liters per square meter. It is important that the soil is moistened to the depth of the spade when watering. This means that the grass roots grow deeply and are less prone to drought in the following years. Tip: To estimate the correct amount of water, you can simply set up a rain gauge.
When the new lawn grass has grown to a height of about eight to ten centimeters, you should mow the new lawn for the first time. To do this, set the device to a cutting height of five to six centimeters and approach a cutting height of four centimeters with the following mowing dates. You should also apply a slow release fertilizer after the first mowing. Regular and timely mowing of the lawn means that the grasses branch out better and better, and a dense sward is created. Eight to twelve weeks after creation, you can use the new lawn to full capacity.
Video: lawn repair without digging
Burned and unsightly areas in the lawn can also be repaired without digging. Check out this video to learn how.
In this video, MEIN SCHÖNER GARTEN editor Dieke van Dieken shows you how you can restore burned and unsightly areas in your lawn.
Credit: MSG, camera: Fabian Heckle, editor: Fabian Heckle, production: Folkert Siemens / Aline Schulz,
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